Sumerian Gods
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9    1 2 3 4 5   ETCSL   1st Flood Story ever written   2nd Flood Story ever written   SL   SLS   SPO   SS   Gods   AW   EEW   H   
 #  Where             What                    About                     High                       Middle                      Short                   Ultra Low                 Event                     Note                     Metal           Blank     Eridu        Uruk        UR        Lagash        Umma        Kish        Nippur        Bad-tibira        Larsa        Sippar        Shuruppak        Key    
L_KEB  Time Map  


4-Exit Signs
Bab al-Mandab Strait


Bab al-Mandab Strait

5 - 68000 BC
Anatomically Modern Humans

Walk out of Africa
Where did we go?
3 possibile locations



   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



  Earliest  

  Cultures  



  Click  

  Through  

  Cultures  



   Kebara   

      Cave      



Kebara Map


Kebara Map


Kebara Map


Kebara Map


Kebara Map


Kebara Map

Kebara and Other Early Sites

   Anatolian   

   Obsidian   



  Early  

  Obsidian  

   Route   



     Obsidian     

     Route     



  Obsidian  

  Source  



  Obsidian  

  Source  



  Obsidian  

  Source  



  Obsidian  

  Source  



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



   Proto   

   Neolithic   

   Sites   



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



  Levantine  
  Corridor  



  Levant Best  


Levant +

Levant

Levant 2

Levant 3

Levant 4


  Fertile  

  Crescent  


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent



 Mesopotamia 

   Best   



 Upper 

 Mesopotamia 



Mesopotamia


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia


Map21.5


Map16

Map12.5

Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.3L

Map5.6


  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

  Culture  



Perspective


  Ubaid  

  Culture  



 Upper 

 Mesopotamia 



 Sumerian 

 Culture 



 Sumerian 

 Culture 



Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
    The    
   Kebaran   
   Culture   
of the Levant
(and a settlement
in Israel)



    Time Map    


Climate Change and
Human Migration


30,000 years before
the Kebaran Culture
Anatomically Modern
Humans (AMH)
settled here
Boker Tachtit, Israel



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

      Paleolithic      

 Southwestern Asia 



 The Epipalaeolithic 

    Background    



    The Kebaran    

        Culture        



  The Geometric  

 Kebaran Culture 



2005
Defining the Aurignacian


2005
A hard look at the Levantine Aurignacian: how real is the taxon?



   2009   

  Design and  

  Performance of  

       Microlith       

    Implemented    

  Projectiles During  

  the Middle and  

  the Late  

  Epipaleolithic  

      of the Levant:      

  Experimental and  

   Archaeological   

   Evidence   



   2011   

 22,000 - 17,000 BP 

       Ein Qedem       

   A Kebaran site   

   in Nahal Galim,   

   Mount Carmel,   

   Israel   



 The Kebaran site 

 of Nahal Hadera V: 

  22,500 - 17,500 BP  

   An Epi-Paleolithic   

    research project    

 at the coastal plain, 

  Israel  



   2009   

  Lithic economy  

    of the Upper    

  Palaeolithic and  

   Epipalaeolithic   

  of Raqefet cave  



2007
Upper Palaeolithic and Epipalaeolithic Lithic Technologies at Raqefet Cave, Mount Carmel East, Israel



   2011   

 The Gazelle Hunters 

    Kebaran Period    

    E-M78    



   2000   

   Small-Game Use,   

 the Broad-Spectrum 

      Revolution,      

   and Paleolithic   

   Demography   



   14700 BC   

   Merging of   

 Mushabian Culture 

 and Geometric 

 Kebaran Culture 



     Middle     

        East        

   Archeology   



   2012   

   Huts,   

   artifacts   

   in Jordanian   

   excavation offer   

 new perspectives 

   on life   

20,000 years ago



  2008  

  Kebaran  

  Chipped and  

  Ground Stone  

  Artefacts  



2005
F-81 Skeleton from Wadi Mataha, Jordan, and its Bearing on Human Variability in the Epipaleolithicof the Levant


2002
Direct Luminescence Chronology of the Epipaleolithic Kebaran Site of Nahal Hadera V, Israel



    Significant    

Palaeolithic/Mesolithic

      Sites      



2009
New Light on Final Pleistocene Settlement Diversity in the Azraq Basin (Jordan)


43 Key Dates
1-Divergence
(in millions of years)


2-DNA unleashed

3-Before the Walk
Anatomically
Modern
Humans



  Time  Map  


   Four   

  Paleolithic Eras  

      Defined      



 4 Main Cultures 


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   Art in   

 the Levantine 



 Flash Cards 


Archaeology

 Wordsmith 

  Microlith  



Highly
Recommended


     2011     

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Keyword
Definitions


Wiki
Kebara
Cave



  2005  

  Back to  

  Raqefet Cave,  

  Mount Carmel,  

  Israel  



  2012  

  The Pre  

  Natufian  

  Epipaleolithic:  

  Long-Term  

  Behavioral  

  Trends in  

  the Levant  



   1996   

   Ash Deposits   

   in Hayonim   

 and Kebara 

 Caves 




 Israel Museum 



  University of  

    Jordan    




American

University

    of Beirut    

 Arch. Museum 




   Saint   

   Joesph   

   University   



Upper
Paleolithic


Upper
Paleolithic



  Professor  

  T. A. Kohler  

    Week 8    




   Settlement   

 history of the 

  Wadi Arabah  



Wadi Arabah Map

Wadi Arabah Map


Fertile Crescent


EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  



   PPND   

  Kebera Cave  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
18000 - 11000 BC
Basis
Oswego date

Wiki
About Dates
ASPRO
Chronology


Assumptions:
Anatomical Modern
Woman born:
200,000 BP
Mommy

Anatomical Modern
Man born:
142,000 BP
Daddy
(the date
will change)

Homo sapiens
sapiens

Genetics     Lineage

6.5 Billion People
Same Haplogroup
Haplogroup CT

6.5 Billion People
Same SNP

   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



List of
archaeological
sites
by continent
and age


List of
archaeological
sites
by country


Map21.5

Kebara Cave 1

Image 1


  Palaeolithic  

  Background  



 The 

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Background   



Epipalaeolithic
Definition


Kebaran Culture


  1987  

  Excavations  

  at the  

  Geometric  

 Kebaran Site 

 of Neve David, 

  Israel  



     2013     

  Beads from  

    Kebara    

Mt Carmel, Israel



Highly
Recommended


   2003   

  The Middle  

  Paleolithic  

 of the East 

  Mediterranean  

  Levant  



   2008   

   Dating the   

 Kebaran site of 

  Nahal Hadera  




     1999     

      The      

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Faunal   

 Sequence 

  in Israel:  

A View from

   Neve David   


Migration 1

2010
Early Upper
Paleolithic
at Kebara Cave
(Israel)


20000 BC
Human Past Net


18000 BC
Human Past Net



2003
Excavations at a Geometric Kebaran site in Wadi Ziqlab, northern Jordan


Human Origins


      Sidebar:      

      Spain      

 About 20,000 

   years   

 before 

 Columbus 



2011
1.9
Million


3 Million BC
South Africa


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
—M89
—M304
— M172


Haplogroups

Haplogroups
A to R
18000 - 11000 BC
Basis
Oswego date

Wiki
About Dates
ASPRO
Chronology


Assumptions:
Anatomical Modern
Woman born:
200,000 BP
Mommy

Anatomical Modern
Man born:
142,000 BP
Daddy
(the date
will change)

Homo sapiens
sapiens

Genetics     Lineage

6.5 Billion People
Same Haplogroup
Haplogroup CT

6.5 Billion People
Same SNP

   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



List of
archaeological
sites
by continent
and age


List of
archaeological
sites
by country


Map16

Kebara Cave 2

Image 2


  Palaeolithic  

  Background  



 The 

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Background   



Epipalaeolithic
Definition


Kebaran Culture


  1987  

  Excavations  

  at the  

  Geometric  

 Kebaran Site 

 of Neve David, 

  Israel  



     2013     

  Beads from  

    Kebara    

Mt Carmel, Israel



Highly
Recommended


   2003   

  The Middle  

  Paleolithic  

 of the East 

  Mediterranean  

  Levant  



   2008   

   Dating the   

 Kebaran site of 

  Nahal Hadera  




     1999     

      The      

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Faunal   

 Sequence 

  in Israel:  

A View from

   Neve David   


Migration 2

2010
Early Upper
Paleolithic
at Kebara Cave
(Israel)


20000 BC
Human Past Net


18000 BC
Human Past Net



2003
Excavations at a Geometric Kebaran site in Wadi Ziqlab, northern Jordan


Human Origins


      Sidebar:      

      Spain      

 About 20,000 

   years   

 before 

 Columbus 



2012
150,000
Homo sapiens


3 Million BC
South Africa


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
—M89
—M304
— M172


Haplogroups

Haplogroups
A to R
18000 - 11000 BC
Basis
Oswego date

Wiki
About Dates
ASPRO
Chronology


Assumptions:
Anatomical Modern
Woman born:
200,000 BP
Mommy

Anatomical Modern
Man born:
142,000 BP
Daddy
(the date
will change)

Homo sapiens
sapiens

Genetics     Lineage

6.5 Billion People
Same Haplogroup
Haplogroup CT

6.5 Billion People
Same SNP

   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



List of
archaeological
sites
by continent
and age


List of
archaeological
sites
by country


Map12.5

Kebara Cave 3

Image 3


  Palaeolithic  

  Background  



 The 

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Background   



Epipalaeolithic
Definition


Kebaran Culture


  1987  

  Excavations  

  at the  

  Geometric  

 Kebaran Site 

 of Neve David, 

  Israel  



     2013     

  Beads from  

    Kebara    

Mt Carmel, Israel



Highly
Recommended


   2003   

  The Middle  

  Paleolithic  

 of the East 

  Mediterranean  

  Levant  



   2008   

   Dating the   

 Kebaran site of 

  Nahal Hadera  




     1999     

      The      

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Faunal   

 Sequence 

  in Israel:  

A View from

   Neve David   


Migration 3

2010
Early Upper
Paleolithic
at Kebara Cave
(Israel)


20000 BC
Human Past Net


18000 BC
Human Past Net



2003
Excavations at a Geometric Kebaran site in Wadi Ziqlab, northern Jordan


Human Origins


      Sidebar:      

      Spain      

 About 20,000 

   years   

 before 

 Columbus 



2010
Kebara
Cave


3 Million BC
South Africa


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
—M89
—M304
— M172


Haplogroups

Haplogroups
A to R
18000 - 11000 BC
Basis
Oswego date

Wiki
About Dates
ASPRO
Chronology


Assumptions:
Anatomical Modern
Woman born:
200,000 BP
Mommy

Anatomical Modern
Man born:
142,000 BP
Daddy
(the date
will change)

Homo sapiens
sapiens

Genetics     Lineage

6.5 Billion People
Same Haplogroup
Haplogroup CT

6.5 Billion People
Same SNP

   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



List of
archaeological
sites
by continent
and age


List of
archaeological
sites
by country


Map10

Kebara Cave 4

Image 4


  Palaeolithic  

  Background  



 The 

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Background   



Epipalaeolithic
Definition


Kebaran Culture


  1987  

  Excavations  

  at the  

  Geometric  

 Kebaran Site 

 of Neve David, 

  Israel  



     2013     

  Beads from  

    Kebara    

Mt Carmel, Israel



Highly
Recommended


   2003   

  The Middle  

  Paleolithic  

 of the East 

  Mediterranean  

  Levant  



   2008   

   Dating the   

 Kebaran site of 

  Nahal Hadera  




     1999     

      The      

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Faunal   

 Sequence 

  in Israel:  

A View from

   Neve David   


Migration 4

2010
Early Upper
Paleolithic
at Kebara Cave
(Israel)


20000 BC
Human Past Net


18000 BC
Human Past Net



2003
Excavations at a Geometric Kebaran site in Wadi Ziqlab, northern Jordan


Human Origins


      Sidebar:      

      Spain      

 About 20,000 

   years   

 before 

 Columbus 



2012
Pre-Natufian
Behaviorial Trends


3 Million BC
South Africa


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
—M89
—M304
— M172


Haplogroups

Haplogroups
A to R
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

2007
Oman - The Other Exit Door out of Africa


Bab el-Mandeb

2010
Saharan Corridors and Their Role in the EvolutionaryGeography of Out of Africa I




The dates in the following article contradict our DNA estimates for the earliest modern human male and female


2010

The chronology

of the late

Lower Paleolithic

in the Levant

based on

U-Th ages of

speleothems from

Qesem Cave,

Israel
SNP Definition

STR Definition


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



1988
The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant


2005
The Seeds of Civilization


2009
New Iron Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
Boker
Tachtit
Map



John Hawks - Pleistocene


  Age of  

  Earliest  

  Europe  

  Aurignacian  

  Time Map  



Bad Link


  1991  

  Typo-  

  Chronology  

  and  

  Absolute  

  Dating of  

  the  

  Kebaran  

  Complex:  

  Implications  

  for the  

  Second  

  Season of  

  Excavation  

  at Urkan  

  E-Rub IIA  



A taphonomic reconsideration of the
Kebaran site of Ein Gev I, Israel



Specialised hunting and mobility strategies


  2005  

  The  

  Acheulo  

  -Yabrudian  

  of Jamal  

  Cave,  

  Mount  

  Carmel,  

  Israel  



FIRST
L_LE1  Time Map  


 21500 BC 

 Kebaran 

  Map  



List of Caves

in Lebanon



 Last Glacial 

   Maximum   



 Late Glacial 

  Maximum  



   Earliest   

   Cultures   



   Click   

   through   

   Cultures   



   BEST   


   Qadisha   

   Valley   



   Qadisha   

   Valley   



   Qadisha   

   Valley   



  North  

  Lebanon  



  North  

  Lebanon  



  Lebanon  

  Lebanon  

  Lebanon  


   Proto   

   Neolithic   

   Sites   



PPNB Areas


PPNC Areas


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



  Early  

  Obsidian  

  Route  



     Obsidian     

     Route     



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor



  Levant Best  

Levant *

Levant

Levant

Levant


   Fertile   

   Crescent   


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Grains

Byblos

Beirut

Tyre

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia


  Upper  

  Mesopotamia  



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Moghr el Ahwal
‘Crocodile’ Rock
Cave #3
leakeyfoundation.org
Broken
Link
Information
Lost

(Kebaran Material)
a settlement in Lebanon
Kebaran


Time Map


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


   2011   

    A Revised    

   Root for the   

     Human Y     

   Chromosomal   

    Phylogenetic    

     Tree:     

   The Origin of   

     Patrilineal     

     Diversity     

     in Africa     



Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



   2005   

 Palaeolithic research 

 at the Institute of 

 Archaeology 



2004
A hard look at the Levantine Aurignacian: how real is the taxon?


2005
Defining the Aurignacian


2005
The Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic in the Levant (Andrew Garrard)



  The Qadisha  

    Valley Project  

  Moghr el Ahwal  

  Lebanon  



   2011   

The Qadisha Valley

Early Prehistory Project

   BROKEN   

   LINK   



   Palaeolithic   

   Background   



   The   

 Epipalaeolithic 

   Background   



   2009   

   33 - 10.5 BP   

 Lithic economy 

  of the Upper  

 Palaeolithic 

 and Epipalaeolithic 

 of Raqefet Cave 

   Israel   



   2012   

 The Pre-Natufian 

   Epipaleolithic:   

   Long-Term   

   Behavioral   

     Trends     

       in the       

     Levant     



   2010   

 Microlithic Variability 

   and Design   

and Performance

of Projectile Weapons

 During the Levantine 

   Epipaleolithic:   

   Experimental   

 and Archaeological 

   Evidence   



     2001     

 Natufian Settlement 

 and Mobility: 

 A Lithic Perspective 

 from Saa'ide II, 

   Lebanon   



   2013   

   The Upper   

  Palaeolithic  

  of Manot Cave,  

 Western Galilee, 

     Israel:     

   the 2011–12   

   excavations   



   Beirut   

   National   

   Museum   
  Time  Map  


   4 Main   

   Cultures   



   Levantine   

   Cultures   



  Flash  

  Cards  



  The  

  Epipalaeolithic  

  Background  



  Earliest  

  Epipalaeolithic  

  Industry  



  Wiki  

  The  

 Archaeology 

 of Lebanon 



  2005  

  Revival of  

prehistoric field

  research in  

  Lebanon  



Kharsag

Research

Project



  Wiki  

  Kebarian  

  Culture  



Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions




  American  

  University  

    of Beirut    

Arch. Museum




   Saint   

   Joesph   

   University   




  Israel

Museum  




  University  

   of Jordan   



2006
Lecture No. 3. The evidence of paleoart



   2012   

  20000 BP  

    Huts,    

  artifacts in  

  Jordanian  

 excavation 

  offer new  

 perspectives 

      on life      

   20,000   

 years ago  



   Natufian   

   Sites   



   14700 BC   

   Merging of   

   Mushabian   

    Culture    

 and Geometric 

    Kebaran    

    Culture    



2009
Late Epipalaeolithic Rock-Cut Installations and Groundstone Tools in the Southern Levant



The Lebanon:

6000 Years

Through

History



Wiki
Anti-Lebanon mountains


Wiki
History of Lebanon



   50000 BC   

 Ras El Kelb 



Afqa

Fertile Crescent


EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  



      PPND      

      Sites      



Search
Antiquities Org


Chronology

TL  THF  THF2
18000 BC
(Oswego date)
Wiki
Basis - Cave 3
Younger Dryas
About Dates
ASPRO Chronology


   42000 BP   

   Ksar Akil   

    Lebanon    

  This is where  

   we went   

   when we left   

   Africa   




  68000 BP  

    First    

    Steps    



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Haplogroup J

Map 21.5

Map 16

Map 12.5

Map 10

Levant

Image 1
Qadisha Valley


Image 2
Qadisha Valley


Image 3
Qadisha Valley


Image 4
Qadisha Valley


Wiki
Kadisha Valley
(also called)
Qadisha Valley


2003
Qadisha Valley
Project,
Lebanon



   2001   

  Research Reports  

  from Lebanon  



   1997   

 Technological 

and Functional

 Variability of 

 Convergent 

 Tools from 

 Nahr Ibrahim, 

  Lebanon  



   2005   

   Early   

  Human  

  Behavior  

 in Global 

  Context  



   2011   

   Oasis or   

   Mirage?   

   Assessing the   

      Role of      

   Abrupt Climate   

   Change in the   

   Prehistory   

      of the      

   Southern   

   Levant   



2011
The Qadisha
Valley
Early Prehistory
Project,
Northern
Lebanon


Kebaran

Detailed Chronology

Human Past 7
Human Past 6
Human Past 5

Natufian Settlement Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
18000 BC
(Oswego date)
Wiki
Basis - Cave 3
Younger Dryas
About Dates
ASPRO Chronology


   42000 BP   

   Ksar Akil   

    Lebanon    

  This is where  

   we went   

   when we left   

   Africa   




  68000 BP  

    First    

    Steps    



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Haplogroup J

Map 21.5

Map 16

Map 12.5

Map 10

Levant

Image 1
Qadisha Valley


Image 2
Qadisha Valley


Image 3
Qadisha Valley


Image 4
Qadisha Valley


Wiki
Kadisha Valley
(also called)
Qadisha Valley


2003
Qadisha Valley
Project,
Lebanon



   2001   

  Research Reports  

  from Lebanon  



   1997   

 Technological 

and Functional

 Variability of 

 Convergent 

 Tools from 

 Nahr Ibrahim, 

  Lebanon  



   2005   

   Early   

  Human  

  Behavior  

 in Global 

  Context  



   2011   

   Oasis or   

   Mirage?   

   Assessing the   

      Role of      

   Abrupt Climate   

   Change in the   

   Prehistory   

      of the      

   Southern   

   Levant   



2011
The Qadisha
Valley
Early Prehistory
Project,
Northern
Lebanon


Kebaran

Detailed Chronology

Human Past 7
Human Past 6
Human Past 5

Natufian Settlement Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
18000 BC
(Oswego date)
Wiki
Basis - Cave 3
Younger Dryas
About Dates
ASPRO Chronology


   42000 BP   

   Ksar Akil   

    Lebanon    

  This is where  

   we went   

   when we left   

   Africa   




  68000 BP  

    First    

    Steps    



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Haplogroup J

Map 21.5

Map 16

Map 12.5

Map 10

Levant

Image 1
Qadisha Valley


Image 2
Qadisha Valley


Image 3
Qadisha Valley


Image 4
Qadisha Valley


Wiki
Kadisha Valley
(also called)
Qadisha Valley


2003
Qadisha Valley
Project,
Lebanon



   2001   

  Research Reports  

  from Lebanon  



   1997   

 Technological 

and Functional

 Variability of 

 Convergent 

 Tools from 

 Nahr Ibrahim, 

  Lebanon  



   2005   

   Early   

  Human  

  Behavior  

 in Global 

  Context  



   2011   

   Oasis or   

   Mirage?   

   Assessing the   

      Role of      

   Abrupt Climate   

   Change in the   

   Prehistory   

      of the      

   Southern   

   Levant   



2011
The Qadisha
Valley
Early Prehistory
Project,
Northern
Lebanon


Kebaran

Detailed Chronology

Human Past 7
Human Past 6
Human Past 5

Natufian Settlement Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
18000 BC
(Oswego date)
Wiki
Basis - Cave 3
Younger Dryas
About Dates
ASPRO Chronology


   42000 BP   

   Ksar Akil   

    Lebanon    

  This is where  

   we went   

   when we left   

   Africa   




  68000 BP  

    First    

    Steps    



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Haplogroup J

Map 21.5

Map 16

Map 12.5

Map 10

Levant

Image 1
Qadisha Valley


Image 2
Qadisha Valley


Image 3
Qadisha Valley


Image 4
Qadisha Valley


Wiki
Kadisha Valley
(also called)
Qadisha Valley


2003
Qadisha Valley
Project,
Lebanon



   2001   

 Research Reports 

  from Lebanon  



   1997   

 Technological 

and Functional

 Variability of 

 Convergent 

 Tools from 

 Nahr Ibrahim, 

  Lebanon  



   2005   

   Early   

  Human  

  Behavior  

 in Global 

  Context  



   2011   

   Oasis or   

   Mirage?   

   Assessing the   

      Role of      

   Abrupt Climate   

   Change in the   

   Prehistory   

      of the      

   Southern   

   Levant   



2011
The Qadisha
Valley
Early Prehistory
Project,
Northern
Lebanon


Kebaran

Detailed Chronology

Human Past 7
Human Past 6
Human Past 5

Natufian Settlement Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



1988
The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant


2005
The Seeds of Civilization


2009
New Iron Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
  1978  

  The Middle  

  Palaeolithic of  

  Adlun and  

  Ras el Kelb  

  (Lebanon):  

  First results  

  from a study  

  of the flint  

  industries  



  Wik  

  Ksar Akil  



  2013  

  Ksar Akil  

  Shell Beads  

  in Middle East  

  Set New  

  Timeline for  

  Early Human  

  Migration  



   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and Language   

   Families:   

   A Review   

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

   Using the   

   Case of   

   E-M35   



  1982  

  A Ritual  

  Middle  

  Palaeolithic  

  Deer Burial at  

  Nahr Ibrahim  

  Cave,  

  Lebanon  



  2008  

  Legumes  

  Diversity  

  in the  

  South Bank  

  of NAHR  

  -IBRAHIM  

  river  

  in Lebanon  



  2007  

  Tools versus  

  Cores  

  Alternative  

  Approaches  

  to Stone  

  Tool Analysis  



Ancient Pottery Database

Context Database

Context Map

Semetic Languages - Schematic

Origins of Semitic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2014
Baalbek:
Largest Stones



Baalbek, Lebanon


2013
Natufian Foragers in the Levant
2005
Palaeolithic research at the Institute of Archaeology
SL
ZAR Time 

  Map  


Earliest Cultures

Zarzi Cave


   Zarzi   

   Cave   

   Slide   

   Show   



Zarzi Cave


Zargos

Mountains *



Zargos

Mountains



Zargos

Mountains



Zargos

Mountains


Zargos
Mountains


Zargos
Mountains P*


Zargos
Mountains P*


IRAQ/Iran

IRAQ/Iran

Kurdistan
IRAQ


Central Asia


Anatolian

Obsidian



Levant

Levant +

Levant

Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent



Fertile

Crescent



Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Upper Mesopotamia

Map21.5


  Map16  


Map12.5

Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.3L

Map5.6

Hassuna Culture

Samarra Culture

Halaf Culture

Ubaid Culture

Sumerian Culture

Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
The
Zarzian
Culture
in Iraq and Iran



 Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



   2013   

    Emergence of    

Agriculture in the

   Foothills of the   

  Zagros  

  Mountains  

     of Iran     




   2013   

   Between   

   12000 and   

9800 years ago

  Transition to  

      Farming      

   Simultaneous   

  across most of  

  Fertile Crescent  



Palaeolithic

Background



2013
Chogha Golan Finds Shed New Light on Origins of Agriculture in Fertile Crescent



The

Paleolithic

Age in Iran



The Epipalaeolithic
Background


The Central Zargos Archaeological Project

Wiki
Iraqi Kurdistan


20000 BC
Human Past Net



   Zarzi Cave   

   Slide Show   



Blog
Zarzi Cave



   2011   

   Between   

      Sand      

   and   

      Sea      



2010
To be or not to be Aurignacian:the Zagros Upper Paleolithic


2009
New insights into Karst and Caves of Northwestern Zagros (Northern IRAQ)


2008
Settlement continuity
in Kurdistan


2002
New Research
on the
Palaeolithic of Lurestan,
West Central
Iran


Alarm bells
for Zebarjad
historical mound
in Izeh
  Time  Map  


  2012  

   Pig   

 Domestication 

 and Human- 

  Mediated  

 Dispersal in 

  Western  

  Eurasia  

  Revealed  

  through  

 Ancient DNA 

 and Geometric 

 Morphometrics 


   2008   

 Adaptation of 

 domesticated 

     barley     

   may have   

 originated 

    in Iran    



Keyword
Definitions



   2009   

    New    

Epipalaeolithic

-Protoneolithic

sites on the

   Izeh Plain,   

south-western

   Iran   



    2001    

 Proto-Neolithic 

   and Neolithic   

 Cultures in the 

  Middle East  

  The Birth of  

  Agriculture,  

    Livestock    

    Raising,    

 and Ceramics: 

  12,500 -  

  5500 BC  



Four
Paleolithic Eras
Defined


Upper
Paleolithic


Upper
Paleolithic


Epipaleolithic


Epipaleolithic

Period

(scroll down)



Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
18000 - 8000 BC
Basis - Wiki date
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


   2012   

  Huge study on  

 Y-chromosome 

     variation     

     in Iran     




    2012    

     Ancient     

 Migratory Events 

      in the      

 Middle East: 

  New Clues  

  from the Y-  

  Chromosome  

 Variation of 

  Modern  

      Iranians      



Map16


  A List of the  

    Earliest    

    Cultures    




   2013   

  Chogha Golan  

     Finds Shed     

   New Light   

  on Origins of  

  Agriculture in  

  Fertile  

  Crescent  



Palaeolithic
Background



  Before the  

Zarzarian


  Dawn of  

  History  



Iran - Earliest Settlements


2008

Adaptation of

domesticated

barley

may have

originated in

Iran



2004
Recent Paleolithic Surveys in Luristan


11000 BC
Human Past Net


The Epipalaeolithic Background

Kemmer

Human Origins

Shanidar

SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
18000 - 8000 BC
Basis - Wiki date
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


   2012   

  Huge study on  

 Y-chromosome 

     variation     

     in Iran     




    2012    

     Ancient     

 Migratory Events 

      in the      

 Middle East: 

  New Clues  

  from the Y-  

  Chromosome  

 Variation of 

  Modern  

      Iranians      



Map16


  A List of the  

    Earliest    

    Cultures    




   2013   

  Chogha Golan  

     Finds Shed     

   New Light   

  on Origins of  

  Agriculture in  

  Fertile  

  Crescent  



Palaeolithic
Background



  Before the  

Zarzarian


  Dawn of  

  History  



Iran - Earliest Settlements


2008

Adaptation of

domesticated

barley

may have

originated in

Iran



2004
Recent Paleolithic Surveys in Luristan


11000 BC
Human Past Net


The Epipalaeolithic Background

Kemmer

Human Origins

Shanidar

SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
18000 - 8000 BC
Basis - Wiki date
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


   2012   

  Huge study on  

 Y-chromosome 

     variation     

     in Iran     




    2012    

     Ancient     

 Migratory Events 

      in the      

 Middle East: 

  New Clues  

  from the Y-  

  Chromosome  

 Variation of 

  Modern  

      Iranians      



Map16


  A List of the  

    Earliest    

    Cultures    




   2013   

  Chogha Golan  

     Finds Shed     

   New Light   

  on Origins of  

  Agriculture in  

  Fertile  

  Crescent  



Palaeolithic
Background



  Before the  

Zarzarian


  Dawn of  

  History  



Iran - Earliest Settlements


2008

Adaptation of

domesticated

barley

may have

originated in

Iran



2004
Recent Paleolithic Surveys in Luristan


11000 BC
Human Past Net


The Epipalaeolithic Background

Kemmer

Human Origins

Shanidar

SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
18000 - 8000 BC
Basis - Wiki date
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


   2012   

  Huge study on  

 Y-chromosome 

     variation     

     in Iran     




    2012    

     Ancient     

 Migratory Events 

      in the      

 Middle East: 

  New Clues  

  from the Y-  

  Chromosome  

 Variation of 

  Modern  

      Iranians      



Map16


  A List of the  

    Earliest    

    Cultures    




   2013   

  Chogha Golan  

     Finds Shed     

   New Light   

  on Origins of  

  Agriculture in  

  Fertile  

  Crescent  



Palaeolithic
Background



  Before the  

Zarzarian


  Dawn of  

  History  



Iran - Earliest Settlements


2008

Adaptation of

domesticated

barley

may have

originated in

Iran



2004
Recent Paleolithic Surveys in Luristan


11000 BC
Human Past Net


The Epipalaeolithic Background

Kemmer

Human Origins

Shanidar

SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition

    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  




    2013    

  Did Overhunting  

  Lead To  

  Domestication?  





  2010  

  Early evidence  

  (ca. 12,000 B.P.)  

  for feasting at a  

  burial cave in  

  Israel  




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
   2005   

  Where  

  did  

  farming  

  begin?  



1984
The Mousterian
Industry from
Bisitun Cave
(Iran)
FIRST
L_JO1 Time Map  


 Late Glacial 

  Maximum  



 Last Glacial 

   Maximum   



  Earliest  

  Cultures  



  Click  

  Through  

  Cultures  



   BEST   


  Wadi  

  Ziqlab  

 Jordan 



  Wadi  

  Ziqlab  

 Jordan 



 Northern 

 Jordan 



 Northern 

 Jordan 



 Northern 

 Jordan 



 Northern 

  Jordan  



   Dhra   


  Azraq  

  Basin  



  Jordan 1  

  Jordan 2  

  Jordan 3  

  Jordan 4  

  Jordan 5  

  Jordan 6  


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



  Early  

  Obsidian  

  Route  



  Obsidian  

  Route  



  Map of  

   Obsidian  

  Trade  



 Area of 

  Natufian  

  Culture  



  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor


  Levant Best  

Levant +

Levant

  Fertile  

  Crescent  


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


  Natufian  

  Culture  



Grains

Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Combined  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 



 Sumerian 

 Culture 



 Sumerian 

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Uyun al-Hammam
(a settlement in Jordan)

Geometric Kebaran


   Time Map   


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



   2011   

  Uyun al-Hammam  

 Anthropologists 

     discover     

     earliest     

     cemetery     

  in Middle East  



   2011   

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

 to the Persians 



   2012   

   The Pre-Natufian   

  Epipaleolithic:  

  Long-Term  

  Behavioral  

  Trends in the  

    Levant    



    The    

 Epipalaeolithic 

  Background:  

       The       

    Geometric    

    Kebaran    

    Period    



Highly
Recommended


    1981    

 Late Quaternary 

 Paleoenvironments 

   and Prehistoric   

 Site Distributions 

    in the Lower    

   Jordan Valley:   

   A Preliminary   

    Report    



   2003   

   Excavations   

   at a Geometric   

   Kebaran site   

   in Wadi Ziqlab,   

   northern   

   Jordan   



2004

The Geometric

Kebaran Microlithic

Assemblage of

Ain Miri,

Northern Israel



     2007     

   Underworld   

(caves underneath

   northern   

   Jordan)   



    2005    

 The Beginnings 

 of Cereal 

 Cultivation and 

  Domestication  

 in Southwest 

  Asia  



  Emergence  

    of the    

   PPNA   

      and      

 Agriculture 



    2002    

   Zahrat   

   Adh-Dhra 2:   

 A New Pre-Pottery 

  Neolithic A Site  

  on the Dead Sea  

  Plain in Jordan  



Keyword
Definitions


2003
Social identities and the expansion of stone bead-making in Neolithic Western Asia: new evidence in Jordan


199?
From Foraging to Farming in the Mediterranean Levant


2012
From foraging to farming in the southern Levant:the development of Epipalaeolithic and Pre-pottery Neolithicplant management strategies
  Time  Map  


   Four   

Paleolithic Eras

      Defined      



   4 Main   

   Cultures   



  Levantine  

  Cultures  



 Flash Cards 


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

   Tree:   

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



   17800 BC   

 Azraq Basin 

 Kharaneh IV site 

   Jordan   




  2011  

  A Unique  

  Human-Fox  

  Burial from a  

  Pre-Natufian  

  Cemetery in  

  the Levant  

  (Jordan)  



   ????   

    Das    

  Geometric  

  Kebaran  



   1984   

   Wadi Sayakh   

   A Geomertric   

   Kebaran Site   

   in Southern   

   Sinai   




2005

The seeds

of Civilization



Search



 Pre-Historic 

  Jordan  




  Neolithic  

    Jordan    




 University of 

    Jordan    




 Israel 

 Museum 




 American 

 University 

    of Beirut    

 Archaeological 

 Museum 




More
Definitions



   2010   

  Dhra’,  

  Jordan  

 Sickle blade 

  life-history  

   and the   

   transition   

       to       

 agriculture: 

   an early   

   Neolithic   

case study

    from    

    Southwest    

    Asia    




Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


2009
New Iron
Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan


Wiki
Jordan


Wiki
Uyun al-Hammam


Chronology

TL  THF  HW
14500 BC
Basis - PHY
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

   excavation   

   offer new   

  perspectives  

     on life     

  20,000  

  years ago  



Oldest
Human
Burials



  2011  

  Researchers  

  Discover  

  16,500 Year Old  

  Cemetery in  

  Middle East  




  1996  

  Negotiating  

  Equality  

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 1

Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2011  

  Prehistoric  

  Cemetery  

   Reveals   

   Man and   

  Fox Were  

   Pals   



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
14500 BC
Basis - PHY
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

   excavation   

   offer new   

  perspectives  

     on life     

  20,000  

  years ago  



Oldest
Human
Burials



  2011  

  Researchers  

  Discover  

  16,500 Year Old  

  Cemetery in  

  Middle East  




  1996  

  Negotiating  

  Equality  

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 2

Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2011  

  Prehistoric  

  Cemetery  

   Reveals   

   Man and   

  Fox Were  

   Pals   



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
14500 BC
Basis - PHY
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

   excavation   

   offer new   

  perspectives  

     on life     

  20,000  

  years ago  



Oldest
Human
Burials



  2011  

  Researchers  

  Discover  

  16,500 Year Old  

  Cemetery in  

  Middle East  




  1996  

  Negotiating  

  Equality  

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 3

Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2011  

  Prehistoric  

  Cemetery  

   Reveals   

   Man and   

  Fox Were  

   Pals   



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
14500 BC
Basis - PHY
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

   excavation   

   offer new   

  perspectives  

     on life     

  20,000  

  years ago  



Oldest
Human
Burials



  2011  

  Researchers  

  Discover  

  16,500 Year Old  

  Cemetery in  

  Middle East  




  1996  

  Negotiating  

  Equality  

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 4

Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2011  

  Prehistoric  

  Cemetery  

   Reveals   

   Man and   

  Fox Were  

   Pals   



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



1988
The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant


2005
The Seeds of Civilization


2009
New Iron Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
  2009  

  The Impact  

  of Rapid  

  Climate  

  Change  

  on prehistoric  

  societies during  

  the Holocene  

  in the Eastern  

  Mediterranean  



  2011  

  (Wadi Mataha  

  Petra Basin  

  of southern  

  Jordan)  

  Variability in  

  symbolic  

  behaviour  

  in the southern  

  Levant at  

  the end of  

  the  

  Pleistocene  



1993
Rise and Fall of the Mobility Hunter



  1991  

  Typo-  

  Chronology  

  and Absolute  

  Dating of  

  the Kebaran  

  Complex:  

  Implications  

  for the  

  Second  

  Season of  

  Excavation  

  at Urkan  

  E-Rub IIA  



2011
Multiple Articles






  Combined  

 Culture 



Mesopotamia




 Sumerian 

 Culture 



 Sumerian 

 Culture 


2011
Uyun al-Hammam
A Unique Human-Fox Burial from a Pre-Natufian Cemetery in the Levant (Jordan)
SL
L_OBS Time Map  


  4 Main  

  Cultures  



  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



   BEST   


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



    Early    

 Obsidian 

    Trade    



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



   Obsidian   

   Locations   



   Obsidian   

   Route   


Early
Settlements
Turkey/Syria


Bingol,Turkey
Obsidian
Source


Turkey

Turkey


  Obsidian  

  Sources  



  Obsidian  

  Sources  



  Obsidian  

  Sources  



  Obsidian  

  Sources  



Obsidian
Sourcing
at Abu
Hureyra


Anatolian
Obsidian



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



Levantine
Corridor



 Levant Best 


Levant +

Levant

Fertile
Crescent



Fertile

Crescent



Fertile
Crescent



 Mesopotamia 

 Best 



Map21.5

Map16


Map12.5


Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3L

Map5.6


Hassuna

Culture



Samarra Culture

Halaf Culture

Perspective

Ubaid Culture

Sumerian Culture

Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
The
Obsidian
Industry
In Turkey
and the
Levant
Early
Natufian



 Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  




 Major 

  Prehistoric  

  sites in  

  Anatolia  




Anatolian

Obsidian



    About    

    Obsidian    



   The Obsidian   

   Trade Route   

   between   

   the Levant   

   and Turkey   



The Neolithic
Levant
and Obsidian
Travels



      2012      

      Origin      

 and trade routes 

      of Syrian      

      obsidian      

      determined      



2012
Syrian
obsidian
discovery
opens
new chapter in
Middle Eastern
studies


2011
Multi-scale
tribological analysis
of the technique
of manufacture of an
obsidian bracelet
from
Aşıklı Höyük


2011
Obsidian
Artifacts Point
to Ice-Age
Mariners in
Prehistoric Greece



  2008  

  An obsidian  

  industry from  

  Neolithic  

  Hagoshrim,  

  Upper Galilee  



2008
Sixth PPN
Conference


Obsidian
Tools


Obsidian
Use Project



    Map of    

    Obsidian    

    Trade    



Mr. Hammond's Review


   2012   

  Obsidian Trade  

 at Tell Mozan 
  Time Map  


  4 Main  

  Cultures  



  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   Four   

 Paleolithic 

   Eras    

   Defined   



   Obsidian   

   Microliths   



  Obsidain  

    Use    

 Project 



   2012   

  Syria's  

  Ancient  

   Tools   

Traced to

   Volcano   

   in Turkey   



     2013     

 The source of 

   obsidian   

   artefacts   

    found at    

   East Chia   

   Sabz,   

 Western Iran 




   2005   

 Long distance 

  trinket trade:  

    Early    

  Bronze Age  

  obsidian  

  from the  

   Negev   



2009
Population increase and environmental deterioration correspond with microlithic innovations in South Asia ca. 35,000 years ago


Upper Paleolithic

Upper Paleolithic

Epipaleolithic


    2004    

  Quantitative  

  Approach  

   to the   

  Diffusion of  

  Obsidian in  

  the Ancient  

  Northern  

  Near East  



1996
Obsidian Trade
Gilat,Israel


Obsidian
Route 2


Obsidian
Route 3


Obsidian
Route 4


Obsidian
Route 5


Obsidian
Route 6


Obsidian
Route 7


Obsidian
Sources


Obsidian
Sources


About
Obsidian


Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
14000 - 6500 BC
Basis - ArchAtlas
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Map16

Map OB14

Map OB12


Map OB9.5


Image 1

Image 5


     The Origin     

    of Civilization    



 Archaeology 

 Wordsmith 

  Obsidian  




     Obsidian     

     Sourcing at     

     Abu Hureyra     

  Northern  

  Syria  



   2011   

  9500 Year Old  

    Obsidian    

  Bracelet Shows  

    Exceptional    

  Craft Skills  



   Egyptian   

   Obsidian   

     Sources     



2011

An obsidian

industry from

Neolithic

Hagoshrim,

Upper Galilee


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Levantine
Corridor


Bayesian
Applications
for
Obsidian
Hydration
Dating


2013

A King's

Overreaching,

Traced in

Black Glass



2013

  The Akkadians  

     and     

     Obsidian     



NEO-LITHICS 2/11 The Newsletter of Southwest Asian Neolithic
Research


2004
Çatalhöyük
Obsidian Mirror


2012
Obsidian Mirrors


Area of
Natufian Culture


Natufian
Locations


Trade
Areas


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site

Sidebar
Cyprus


2006
Cypro-Anatolian Relations in the 9th Millenium BC


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
14000 - 6500 BC
Basis - ArchAtlas
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Map12.5

Map OB14

Map OB12


Map OB9.5


Image 2

Image 6


     The Origin     

    of Civilization    



 Archaeology 

 Wordsmith 

  Obsidian  




     Obsidian     

     Sourcing at     

     Abu Hureyra     

  Northern  

  Syria  



   2011   

  9500 Year Old  

    Obsidian    

  Bracelet Shows  

    Exceptional    

  Craft Skills  



   Egyptian   

    Obsidian   

     Sources     



2011

An obsidian

industry from

Neolithic

Hagoshrim,

Upper Galilee


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Levantine
Corridor


Bayesian
Applications
for
Obsidian
Hydration
Dating


2013

A King's

Overreaching,

Traced in

Black Glass



2013

  The Akkadians  

     and     

     Obsidian     



NEO-LITHICS 2/11 The Newsletter of Southwest Asian Neolithic
Research


2004
Çatalhöyük
Obsidian Mirror


2010
Obsidian Trade


Area of
Natufian Culture


Natufian
Locations


Trade
Areas


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site

Sidebar
Cyprus


2006
Cypro-Anatolian Relations in the 9th Millenium BC


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
14000 - 6500 BC
Basis - ArchAtlas
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Map11

Map OB14

Map OB12


Map OB9.5


Image 3

Image 7


     The Origin     

    of Civilization    



 Archaeology 

 Wordsmith 

  Obsidian  




     Obsidian     

     Sourcing at     

     Abu Hureyra     

  Northern  

  Syria  



   2011   

  9500 Year Old  

    Obsidian    

  Bracelet Shows  

    Exceptional    

  Craft Skills  



   Egyptian   

   Obsidian   

     Sources     



2011

An obsidian

industry from

Neolithic

Hagoshrim,

Upper Galilee


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Levantine
Corridor


Bayesian
Applications
for
Obsidian
Hydration
Dating


2013

A King's

Overreaching,

Traced in

Black Glass



2013

  The Akkadians  

     and     

     Obsidian     



NEO-LITHICS 2/11 The Newsletter of Southwest Asian Neolithic
Research


2004
Çatalhöyük
Obsidian Mirror


2011
Obsidian Use


Area of
Natufian Culture


Natufian
Locations


Trade
Areas


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site

Sidebar
Cyprus


2006
Cypro-Anatolian Relations in the 9th Millenium BC


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
14000 - 6500 BC
Basis - ArchAtlas
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

  J-P209  



Map10

Map OB14

Map OB12


Map OB9.5


Image 4

Image 8


     The Origin     

    of Civilization    



 Archaeology 

 Wordsmith 

  Obsidian  




     Obsidian     

     Sourcing at     

     Abu Hureyra     

  Northern  

  Syria  



   2011   

  9500 Year Old  

    Obsidian    

  Bracelet Shows  

    Exceptional    

  Craft Skills  



   Egyptian   

   Obsidian   

     Sources     



2011

An obsidian

industry from

Neolithic

Hagoshrim,

Upper Galilee


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Obsidian
Source


Levantine
Corridor


Bayesian
Applications
for
Obsidian
Hydration
Dating


2013

A King's

Overreaching,

Traced in

Black Glass



2013

  The Akkadians  

     and     

     Obsidian     



NEO-LITHICS 2/11 The Newsletter of Southwest Asian Neolithic
Research


2004
Çatalhöyük
Obsidian Mirror


2004
Trade Routes


Area of
Natufian Culture


Natufian
Locations


Trade
Areas


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site

Sidebar
Cyprus


2006
Cypro-Anatolian Relations in the 9th Millenium BC


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Haplogroups A to R
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



1988
The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant


2005
The Seeds of Civilization


2009
New Iron Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
NM
L_NAT1 Time Map  


  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



   Earliest   

   Cultures   



   Click   

   through   

   Cultures   



   BEST   


  Wadi  

 Al-Natuf 



Shuqbah
Cave




   Proto-   

   Neolithic   

      Sites      

 (11000- 

 7000 BC) 




Natufian

Sites in

the Levant




Note:


Natufian

Sites in

the Levant



   Wadi   

   Natuf   

   Picture   



Wadi
Natuf
Picture



   Areas of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   



Natufian Areas


Natufian

Locations

  in the  

  Levant  



Area of Natufian Locations in the Levant


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



    Early    

 Obsidian 

    Trade    



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



   Obsidian   

   Locations   



   Obsidian   

   Route   



Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor



  Levant Best  


Levant +

Levant 2

Levant 3

Fertile
Crescent



  Fertile  

  Crescent  



  Fertile  

  Crescent  

    and    

  Natufian  

  Locations  



Fertile
Crescent


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Upper Mesopotamia

Map21.5

Map16


Map12.5


Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map6.3L

Map5.6

Hassuna
Culture


Samarra
Culture


Halaf
Culture


Perspective

Ubaid Culture

Sumerian Culture

Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
The
Natufian
Culture

in the Levant



 Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  



  Palaeolithic  

  Background  



    2012    

     New     

  14C Dates  

 for the Early 

    Natufian    

   of el-Wad   

   Terrace,   

 Mount Carmel, 

  Israel  



 Natufian Location 

Eynan/Ain Mallaha

10,000–8200 B.C.



      2007      

    Natufian    

   Beginnings:   

Consequences of

a Sedentary Life



    2005    

 The Emergence 

 of the Natufian 



   2012   

   The Pre-   

      Natufian      

   Epipaleolithic:   

   Long-Term   

      Behavioral      

   Trends in the   

      Levant      



   Wiki   

   Natufian   

   Sites   



   2013   

 Earliest floral 

 grave lining from 

    13,700–    

 11,700-y-old 

 Natufian burials 

 at Raqefet Cave, 

Mt. Carmel, Israel



Cultural Complexity (Hierarchical Societies [Socio-Economic-Political Inequalities]) in Mesopotamia: An Outline


   Four   

  Paleolithic Eras  

   Defined   



Keyword
Definitions


More
Keywords



The Levant

2008
The Natufians



2013
Map of Mt Carmel, Israel



   2011   

 The Qadisha Valley 

 Early Prehistory 

   Project,   

 Northern Lebanon 



2010
Changes in disease/trauma during the Neolithic transition in the Levant


   2009   

   Late   

  Epipalaeolithic  

   Rock-cut   

   Installations   

and Ground Stone

   Tools in the   

  Southern  

   Levant   


2004
The Natufian
economy at
el-Wad Terrace


2003
Small game, the younger dryas,and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant


1985
The Natufian-Early Neolithic site Hatula,
near Latrun,
Israel
  Time  Map  


  4 Main Cultures  


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



  The  

  Epepalaeolithic  

  Background  



  Flash Cards  


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



   The Origin of   

   Civilization   



   2001   

  Proto-Neolithic  

    and Neolithic    

     Cultures     

     in the     

    Middle East-    

     The Birth     

   of Agriculture,   

     Livestock     

     Raising,     

  and Ceramics:  

 14 C Chronology 

    12,500-    

    5500 cal BC    



      2005      

     Where did     

   farming begin?   



   Prelude to   

   the First   

   Farmers:   

     The     

   Natufians   



      2008      

   Ancient   

   Natufian   

farmers in Syria,

at Abu Hureyra



   2010   

Paleopathology

     and the     

   Origin of   

   Agriculture   

in the Levant


   2005   

   Counting Cattle:   

   Trends in   

   Neolithic Bos   

Frequencies from

   the Southern   

   Levant   




  American  

  University  

    of Beirut    

 Arch. Museum 




Israel Museum



  University of  

    Jordan    




 Online 

  Learning  



Natufian
Lovers



EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  




     2008     

A 12,000-Year-Old

   Shaman   

   from   

     Hilazon     

     Tachtit,     

     Israel     




   2008   

 A 12,000-year-old 

   Shaman burial   

      from      

   the southern   

      Levant      

      (Israel)      




Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the
prior link



Highly
Recommended


2013

Y-Chromosome

and mtDNA Genetics

Reveal Significant

   Contrasts in   

   Affinities of   

 Modern Middle 

     Eastern     

   Populations   

 with European 

  and African  

  Populations  



Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


List of
archaeological sites
by continent
and age



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Fertile Crescent

Image 1

Image 5

Image 9

2009
The Evolution
of Hominin Diets


   2009   

   Some thoughts on   

   social versus   

   cultural complexity   



A List of

the Earliest

Cultures



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant


2010
Microlithic Variability and Design and Performance of Projectile Weapons during the Levantine Epipaleolithic:Experimental and Archaeological Evidence



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



   Area of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   



   Natufian   

   Sites   



The
Epipalaeolithic
Background



   Egyptian   

   Prehistory   



11000 BC
Human Past Net



  2011  

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

  to the Persians  



Natufian Culture

2011
Material Images of Humans from the Natufian to Pottery Neolithic Periods in the Levant


2011
Architectural
Transitions
in the Pottery
Neolithic


Human Origins

????
Prelude to
the First
Farmers
The Natufians


Natufian Locations

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site



SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the
prior link



Highly
Recommended


2013

Y-Chromosome

and mtDNA Genetics

Reveal Significant

   Contrasts in   

   Affinities of   

 Modern Middle 

     Eastern     

   Populations   

 with European 

  and African  

  Populations  



Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


List of
archaeological sites
by continent
and age



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Fertile Crescent

Image 2

Image 6

Image 10

2009
The Evolution
of Hominin Diets


   2009   

   Some thoughts on   

   social versus   

   cultural complexity   



A List of

the Earliest

Cultures



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant


2010
Microlithic Variability and Design and Performance of Projectile Weapons during the Levantine Epipaleolithic:Experimental and Archaeological Evidence



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



   Area of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   



   Natufian   

   Sites   



The
Epipalaeolithic
Background



   Egyptian   

   Prehistory   



11000 BC
Human Past Net



  2011  

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

  to the Persians  



Natufian Culture

2011
Material Images of Humans from the Natufian to Pottery Neolithic Periods in the Levant


2011
Architectural
Transitions
in the Pottery
Neolithic


Human Origins

2012
Well before
the Natufians
Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts


Natufian Locations

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site



SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the
prior link



Highly
Recommended


2013

Y-Chromosome

and mtDNA Genetics

Reveal Significant

   Contrasts in   

   Affinities of   

 Modern Middle 

     Eastern     

   Populations   

 with European 

  and African  

  Populations  



Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


List of
archaeological sites
by continent
and age



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Fertile Crescent

Image 3

Image 7

Image 11

2009
The Evolution
of Hominin Diets


   2009   

   Some thoughts on   

   social versus   

   cultural complexity   



A List of

the Earliest

Cultures



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant


2010
Microlithic Variability and Design and Performance of Projectile Weapons during the Levantine Epipaleolithic:Experimental and Archaeological Evidence



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



   Area of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   



   Natufian   

   Sites   



The
Epipalaeolithic
Background



   Egyptian   

   Prehistory   



11000 BC
Human Past Net



  2011  

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

  to the Persians  



Natufian Culture

2011
Material Images of Humans from the Natufian to Pottery Neolithic Periods in the Levant


2011
Architectural
Transitions
in the Pottery
Neolithic


Human Origins

2009
Y Haplogroup E-M35,Archaeological Cultures and Language Families


Natufian Locations

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site



SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the
prior link



Highly
Recommended


2013

Y-Chromosome

and mtDNA Genetics

Reveal Significant

   Contrasts in   

   Affinities of   

 Modern Middle 

     Eastern     

   Populations   

 with European 

  and African  

  Populations  



Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


List of
archaeological sites
by continent
and age



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Fertile Crescent

Image 4

Image 8

Image 12

2009
The Evolution
of Hominin Diets


   2009   

   Some thoughts on   

   social versus   

   cultural complexity   



A List of

the Earliest

Cultures



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant


2010
Microlithic Variability and Design and Performance of Projectile Weapons during the Levantine Epipaleolithic:Experimental and Archaeological Evidence



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



   Area of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   



   Natufian   

   Sites   



The
Epipalaeolithic
Background



   Egyptian   

   Prehistory   



11000 BC
Human Past Net



  2011  

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

  to the Persians  



Natufian Culture

2011
Material Images of Humans from the Natufian to Pottery Neolithic Periods in the Levant


2011
Architectural
Transitions
in the Pottery
Neolithic


Human Origins

2013
The ASPRO
chronology is
a nine period
dating system


Natufian Locations

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site



SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


  2011  

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



2009
Some thoughts on social versus cultural complexity


2000
Analyzing the Cultural Landscape of Beidha with the Assistance of Remote Sensing Data


Quiz

Egypt in the time of the Natufians


  2009  

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
AFTER

THE ICE -

  A Global  

  Human  

  History,  

  20,000-  

  5000 BC  
2013
Scaphopod Shells in the Natufian Culture
NAT
L_NAT2 Time Map  


   BEST   


  Wadi  

 Al-Natuf 



Shuqbah
Cave



Natufian

Sites



Natufian

Sites



Levant Best
The
Natufian
Culture
in the Levant
(continued)
(see articles to the right)

 Time 

  Map  



Climate Change and
Human Migration



  4 Main Cultures  


   SNP M168   


   Areas of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   
  Time  Map  


   2007   

   The sacred and   

   the mundane:   

   domestic   

   activities   

   at a Late   

   Natufian burial   

  site in the  

  Levant  

  Hilazon Tachtit  

   Cave,   

   Israel   
13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


2011

   On the Edge:   

   Southern   

   Levantine   

   Epipalaeolithic–   

   Neolithic   

   Chronological   

   succession   




13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


2011

   On the Edge:   

   Southern   

   Levantine   

   Epipalaeolithic–   

   Neolithic   

   Chronological   

   succession   




13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


2011

   On the Edge:   

   Southern   

   Levantine   

   Epipalaeolithic–   

   Neolithic   

   Chronological   

   succession   




13400/13000 - 9800 BC
Basis - PPND
(Wiki date)
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


2011

   On the Edge:   

   Southern   

   Levantine   

   Epipalaeolithic–   

   Neolithic   

   Chronological   

   succession   




NAT
L_IS1  Time Map  


 Last Glacial 

   Maximum   



30,000 years before the Kebaran Culture Boker Tachtit, Israel


 Late Glacial 

  Maximum  



 Earliest 

 Cultures 



  Click  

 Through 

 Cultures 



   BEST   


El Wad Cave

El Wad Cave

El Wad Cave


  El-Wad  


  El-Wad  


  El-Wad  


  El-Wad  


  El-Wad  


   Israel   

   Israel   

   Israel   


 Very Early 

  Sites  



  Skull  

  Conservation  

  Sites  



   Anatolian   

   Obsidian   



   Obsidian   

   Trade   

   Route   



     Obsidian     

     Route     



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



   Area of   

 Natufian 

 Culture 


   Natufian   
   Areas   


   Natufian   
   Locations   
 in the Levant 


  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


  Levant Best  

Levant +

Levant

   Fertile   

   Crescent   


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Map21.5

Map16

    Map12.5    

Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map6.3L

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
El Wad
a settlement in Israel

Early
Natufian


    Time Map    


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  



   1995   

   The Early   

   Natufian   

   Occupation   

   at El-Wad,   

   Mt. Carmel   

reconsidered



   2012   

     New     

     14 C Dates     

     for the Early     

     Natufian of     

        El-Wad        

       Terrace,       

  Mount Carmel,  

     Israel     



     2005     

   Modeling the   

     Influence     

  of Wood Use  

      by the      

   Natufians of   

  El-Wad in the  

     Forest of     

Mount Carmel



   2004   

 Micromammal 

  taphonomy  

    of el-Wad    

  Terrace,  

  Mount Carmel,  

   Israel:   

  distinguishing  

 cultural from 

   natural   

  depositional  

 agents in the 

 Late Natufian



   2005   

 The Emergence 

   of the   

 Natufian 



Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions



     Flash Card     

     Review     



The

Natufians



More
Keyword
Definitions



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological and  

  Cultural Aspects  

 of the Neolithic 

  Revolution:  

    A View from    

    the Southern    

    Levant    



  1998  

  Discovery  

  of the  

  Oldest Glue  



1996
Negotiating Equality through Ritual: A Consideration of Late Natufian and Prepottery Neolithic A Period Mortuary Practices
    Time  Map    


4 Main Cultures


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   2013   

   Researchers   

   Discover   

 Ancient 

 Natufians 

  Buried Dead  

  with Flowers  



2nd Link


   1998   

   Mortuary   

   Variability   

   and   

   Community   

   Reorganization   

   in the   

  Early-to-Late  

   Natufian   

Transition



   2005   

   Where did   

   farming   

   begin?   



   2003   

  Small game,  

 the younger 

 dryas, 

 and the 

 transition 

 to agriculture in 

 the southern 

  levant  



   Naked   

   Science   

   Origins of   

   Agriculture   



  Carmel Caves  


  El Wad Point  


Israel Museum


 University of 

    Jordan    



   American   

   University   

    of Beirut    

 Archaeological 

 Museum 



2013
The Origin of Us
Selected Videos
by Dienekes



EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  



Highly
Recommended


  1998  

  The Natufian  

  Culture  

  in the Levant,  

  Threshold  

  to the Origins  

  of Agriculture  


Natufian Lovers
Ain Sakhri Cave
9000 BC


   Human   

   Past Net   

   8000 BC   



2009
Food Architecture
before Agriculture



    Middle    

    East    

    Caves    



Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  El Wad  



Search
Antiquities Org



Archaeology
Wordsmith
El Wad


Wiki
Natufian Culture


Wiki
Mount Carmel


Chronology

VirtualWorldProject

TL  THF  HW
13140 - 12660 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Point

Points

Point

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   Archaeology   

   Wordsmith   



2003
The Natufian
economy at el-Wad
Terrace with special
reference to gazelle
exploitation
patterns



   Tel Aviv   

  University  



    Virtual    

    World    

    Project    



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC


Ancient

Pottery

Database



2010

Archaeological

geophysics

in Israel

past, present

and future



   2012   

   Middle East   

    Caves    

    Neanderthals    

    and humans    

  lived side  

  by side  


Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves

1.5 miles north
of Mallaha
The PPNB site of
Beisamoun
(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13140 - 12660 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Point

Points

Point

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   Archaeology   

   Wordsmith   



2003
The Natufian
economy at el-Wad
Terrace with special
reference to gazelle
exploitation
patterns



   Tel Aviv   

  University  



    Virtual    

    World    

    Project    



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC


Ancient

Pottery

Database



2010

Archaeological

geophysics

in Israel

past, present

and future



   2012   

   Middle East   

    Caves    

    Neanderthals    

    and humans    

  lived side  

  by side  


Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves

1.5 miles north
of Mallaha
The PPNB site of
Beisamoun
(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13140 - 12660 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Point

Points

Point

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   Archaeology   

   Wordsmith   



2003
The Natufian
economy at el-Wad
Terrace with special
reference to gazelle
exploitation
patterns



   Tel Aviv   

  University  



    Virtual    

    World    

    Project    



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC


Ancient

Pottery

Database



2010

Archaeological

geophysics

in Israel

past, present

and future



   2012   

   Middle East   

    Caves    

    Neanderthals    

    and humans    

  lived side  

  by side  


Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves

1.5 miles north
of Mallaha
The PPNB site of
Beisamoun
(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
13140 - 12660 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review 

 of the 

  Possibility of  

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Point

Points

Point

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   Archaeology   

   Wordsmith   



2003
The Natufian
economy at el-Wad
Terrace with special
reference to gazelle
exploitation
patterns



   Tel Aviv   

  University  



    Virtual    

    World    

    Project    



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC


Ancient

Pottery

Database



2010

Archaeological

geophysics

in Israel

past, present

and future



   2012   

   Middle East   

    Caves    

    Neanderthals    

    and humans    

  lived side  

  by side  


Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel:The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves

1.5 miles north
of Mallaha
The PPNB site of
Beisamoun
(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition

    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  




    2013    

  Did Overhunting  

  Lead To  

  Domestication?  





  2010  

  Early evidence  

  (ca. 12,000 B.P.)  

  for feasting at a  

  burial cave in  

  Israel  




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
  2013  

  The Upper  

  Palaeolithic  

  of Manot  

    Cave,    

  Western  

  Galilee,  

  Israel:  

    the    

  2011–12  

  excavations  



2012
The Pre-Natufian Epipaleolithic: Long-Term Behavioral Trends in the Levant



Aviel Neolithic
SL
L_LC



2011
Europe
43000 BP
The earliest modern humans in Europe

The dates used on this web site are:
.....
47,000 BP for Boker Tachtit, Israel
.....
42,000 BP for Ksar Akil, Lebanon
.....
and 45,000 BP at Üçagizli Cave I, Turkey
.....
And so, a date of 43,000 BP for a European location is a surprize.



Ksar Akil

Lebanon



Üçagizli

Cave I

Turkey



First Steps


Definitions of:
Y-Line DNA Haplogroups
See:
Haplo-group J
and Haplo-group R


Our earliest ancestors:
The genetic story of 1 family
SNP M168



The genetic story of another family
SNP M168



Note that both stories start with a SNP M168.


Haplogroups of the World


Haplogroup

CT



In summary
All 6.5 billion humans beings living TODAY belong to Haplogroup CT containing SNP M168


International Society of of Genetic Genealogy

 Time Map  


   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  




  Earliest  

  Cultures  




  Click  

  Through  

  Cultures  




   BEST   


   Anatolian   

   Obsidian   



   Early   

   Obsidian   

   Route   



     Obsidian     

     Route     



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor



  Levant Best  


Levant

Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent



Fertile

Crescent



 Mesopotamia 

   Best   



    Tell    

    Abu    

    Hureyra    



  Inferred  

  Civilization  



Map21.5

Map16

  Map12.5  

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Levantine
Corridor

see Levantine Corridor
maps to the left



  Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  



   Corridor   

   Geography   



What is a Tell?


   2013   

The emergence

  of the  

  Acheulian:  

  a view from  

  the Levantine  

    Corridor    



   2009   

   Some thoughts   

   on social   

     versus     

  cultural  

  complexity  


Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions



  2011  

 Early-to-mid 

 Pleistocene 

  Tectonic  

  Transition  



2007
mtDNA dispersal via Horn of Africa vs. Levantine corridor


2006
Late Acheulian Period
(Search Acheulean for timelines)


2003
Age Range of the Early Levantine Mousterian of the Levantine Corridor


Wiki
Early Human Migrations
  Time  Map  


  4 Main  

  Cultures  



  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   Four   

 Paleolithic 

   Eras    

   Defined   



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



   Learn about   

   Y-DNA   

   Haplogroup E   



   Week 8   


   Week 9   


   Week 10   


2012
Update on the Cetacean Fauna of the Mediterranean Levantine Basin



    2009    

  Integrating  

inter-&intra-site

  analyses of  

  Epipalaeolithic  

  faunal  

  assemblages  

  from  

  Israel  



  2005  

  Where did  

  farming  

  begin?  



Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL THF HW
12999 BC - Today
(ArchAtlas date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology

10000 BC


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's
explanation
of the
prior link



 Archaeogenetics 

   of the   

   Near East   



Map 1

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


2007

Mitochondrial DNA

geneflow indicates

  preferred usage  

    of the    

Levant Corridor

over the Horn of

Africa passageway




   2007   

   Journal of   

Human Genetics



2004
Neo-Lithics



Natufian Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12999 BC - Today
(ArchAtlas date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology

10000 BC


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's
explanation
of the
prior link



 Archaeogenetics 

   of the   

   Near East   



Map 2

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


2007

Mitochondrial DNA

geneflow indicates

  preferred usage  

    of the    

Levant Corridor

over the Horn of

Africa passageway




   2007   

   Journal of   

Human Genetics



2004
Neo-Lithics



Natufian Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12999 BC - Today
(ArchAtlas date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology

10000 BC


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's
explanation
of the
prior link



 Archaeogenetics 

   of the   

   Near East   



Map 3

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


2007

Mitochondrial DNA

geneflow indicates

  preferred usage  

    of the    

Levant Corridor

over the Horn of

Africa passageway




   2007   

   Journal of   

Human Genetics



2004
Neo-Lithics



Natufian Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12999 BC - Today
(ArchAtlas date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology

10000 BC


   SNP M168   


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's
explanation
of the
prior link



 Archaeogenetics 

   of the   

   Near East   



Map 1

Map16

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


2007

Mitochondrial DNA

geneflow indicates

  preferred usage  

    of the    

Levant Corridor

over the Horn of

Africa passageway




   2007   

   Journal of   

Human Genetics



2004
Neo-Lithics



Natufian Area

Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 —
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition

    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  




    2013    

  Did Overhunting  

  Lead To  

  Domestication?  





  2010  

  Early evidence  

  (ca. 12,000 B.P.)  

  for feasting at a  

  burial cave in  

  Israel  




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
LC
L_IS2  Time Map  

30,000 years before the Kebaran Culture Boker Tachtit, Israel

   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



 Earliest 

 Cultures 



  Click  

 Through 

 Cultures 



   BEST   


This site is named
Eynan
(in Hebrew)
and
Ain Mallaha
(in Arabic)

Mallaha


  Ain Mallaha  


Mallaha


Ain Mallaha


Eynan


Ain Mallaha


  Hayonim  

  Cave  

   12750 BC   



  Raqefet  

  Cave  

  10840 BC  



  Israel  


 Israel  


  Israel  


  Skull  

  Conservation  

  Sites  



  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



    Early    

 Obsidian 

    Trade    



   Obsidian   

   Trade   

   Route   



     Obsidian     

     Route     



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



   Area of   

  Natufian  

  Culture  



Natufian
Areas


Natufian
Locations
in the Levant



  Levantine  

  Corridor  



 Levantine 
 Corridor 



  Levant Best  

Levant +

Levant

   Fertile   

   Crescent   


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Map21.5

Map16


Map12.5


Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map6.3L

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia


  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Eynan/
Ain Mallaha
a settlement in Israel

Early
+
Late Natufian



     Time Map     


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 




Highly
Recommended


  1998  

  The Natufian  

  Culture  

  in the Levant,  

  Threshold  

  to the Origins  

  of Agriculture  




    2012    

The Pre-Natufian

 Epipaleolithic: 

   Long-Term   

   Behavioral   

  Trends in the  

    Levant    



     Eynan/     

  Ain Mallaha  

   (10,000–   

   8200 B.C.)   



   2012   

  Demographic,  

  Biological and  

  Cultural  

  Aspects of  

 the Neolithic 

  Revolution:  

  A View  

  from the  

 Southern Levant 



    1996    

  Negotiating  

    Equality    

    through    

    Ritual:    

 A Consideration 

   of Late   

 Natufian and 

  Prepottery  

  Neolithic  

  A Period  

Mortuary Practices



   2005   

   Where did   

     farming     

     begin?     



     Naked     

     Science     

   Origins of   

   Agriculture   

   Ain Mallaha   



   2002   

 From Foraging 

   to Farming   

The Contribution

     of the     

    Mallaha    

    (Eynan)    

   Excavations,   

   1996–2001   



  The  

 Origins of 

 Agriculture 



    2012    

   Hadashot   

 Arkheologiyot 

   Excavations   

  and Surveys  

    in Israel    

 Volume 124 

   Year 2012   

   Beisamoun   



    2009    

   Excavations   

  and Surveys  

    in Israel    

   Beisamoun   



   1998   

   Oldest Glue   

   Discovered   

Nahal Hemar Cave

  Israel  



   2013   

The Origin of Us

Selected Videos

  by Dienekes  



     Flash Card     

     Review     



More
Keyword
Definitions



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant
    Time Map    


4 Main Cultures


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   2003   

   Explicit   

   Features   

   and Latent   

   Features   

   The Case   

      of the      

     Final     

   Natufian   

  at Mallaha  

(Eynan)*



Highly
Recommended


     2012     

       The       

    Modelling    

      Skulls      

      in the      

     Ancient     

   Near-East   



   2007   

  A Final Natufian  

   Population:   

  Health and  

 Burial Status 

 at Eynan-Mallaha 

   Faces from   

   the Past   



   1998   

   Mortuary   

   Variability   

     and     

   Community   

   Reorganization   

     in the     

  Early-to-Late  

   Natufian   

Transition



   2011   

 Material Images 

 of Humans from 

 the Natufian 

 to Pottery 

 Neolithic 

 Periods in the 

  Levant  



  Population and  

  Burial Rites  



   2005   

  Burials of  

   Raqefet   

  Cave in the  

 Context of the 

   Late   

   Natufian   


Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions


  Israel  

  Museum  




University of

Jordan




American

University

    of Beirut    

 Archaeological 

 Museum 



2012
Form and Function of Early Neolithic Bifacial Stone Tools Reflects Changes in Land Use Practices during the Neolithization Process in the Levant



   Mallaha   


   Eynan   


EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  



    The    

 Natufians 



Natufian Lovers
Ain Sakhri Cave
9000 BC



   Human   

   Past Net   

   8000 BC   



2009
Food Architecture
before Agriculture



   Middle   

   East   

   Caves   



Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Mallaha  



Search
Antiquities Org



Archaeology
Wordsmith
Ain Mallaha


Wiki
Mallaha


Wiki
Ain Mallaha


Chronology

VirtualWorldProject

TL  THF  HW
12240 - 9870 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Circular Huts

Circular House

Stone Head Carving

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1996   

The First Sedentary

Peoples in Israel



   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

  Features  

and Latent

  Features  

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



Ain Mallaha

Eynan

An Early

Natufian

Basecamp

Site



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together



1.5 miles north

of Mallaha

The PPNB site of

Beisamoun

(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12240 - 9870 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Circular Huts

Circular House

Stone Head Carving

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1996   

The First Sedentary

Peoples in Israel



   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

  Features  

and Latent

  Features  

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



Ain Mallaha

Eynan

An Early

Natufian

Basecamp

Site



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together



1.5 miles north

of Mallaha

The PPNB site of

Beisamoun

(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12240 - 9870 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Circular Huts

Circular House

Stone Head Carving

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1996   

The First Sedentary

Peoples in Israel



   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

  Features  

and Latent

  Features  

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



Ain Mallaha

Eynan

An Early

Natufian

Basecamp

Site



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together



1.5 miles north

of Mallaha

The PPNB site of

Beisamoun

(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12240 - 9870 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

   and   

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   



Circular Huts

Circular House

Stone Head Carving

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1996   

The First Sedentary

Peoples in Israel



   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

  Features  

and Latent

  Features  

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



Ain Mallaha

Eynan

An Early

Natufian

Basecamp

Site



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together



1.5 miles north

of Mallaha

The PPNB site of

Beisamoun

(Hula Basin)


Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition

    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  




    2013    

  Did Overhunting  

  Lead To  

  Domestication?  





  2010  

  Early evidence  

  (ca. 12,000 B.P.)  

  for feasting at a  

  burial cave in  

  Israel  




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
Map

Map

Map



 Thames & 

 Hudson 

 the human past 

 From 

 Foragers To 

 Complex 

 Societies 

 In Southwest 

 Asia 
1998

Mortuary

Variability

and

Community

Reorganization

in the

Early-to-Late

Natufian

Transition
SL
L_SY1  Time Map  


  Last Glacial  

   Maximum   



  Late Glacial  

  Maximum  



  Earliest  

  Cultures  



  Click  

  Through  

  Cultures  



   BEST   


   Jeftelik   


Homs Gap

Survey Area

Homs 1

Homs 2


   Proto   

   Neolithic   

   Sites   



  Syria  

 (Northern 

 Mesopotamia) 



  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



  Obsidian  

  Trade  

  Route  



   Obsidian   

   Route   



   Map of   

  Obsidian  

  Trade  



  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor



  Levant Best  

Levant *


   Fertile   

   Crescent    


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


  Natufian  

  Settlements  



  Natufian  

  Culture  



Grains


Map12.5


Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3L


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Jeftelik
a settlement in Syria
2010
a new site
in the Levant
(Homs Gap, Syria)

Early Natufian


  Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 




Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  




  Jeftelik and  

  Wadi Chbat  

  Archaeology  

  to the West  

  of Homs (Syria)  



2009
Archaeology west of Homs:soundings Jeftelik deposits (Natufian) Tell Marj (ceramic Neolithic) and surveys of megalithic minuments. Campaign 2009



  2012  

    Nouvelles    

 donnees sur les 

architectures des site

  natoufiens de  

  Jeftelik et  

  Qarassa3  

  (Syrie centro  

  -occidentale et  

  du sud).  




      The      

     Emergence     

 of the Natufian 




   2012   

  Kharaneh IV  

   Jordan   

 Huts, artifacts in 

   Jordanian   

   excavation   

   offer new   

 perspectives 

      on life      

 20,000 years ago 




   2007   

   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

   Consequences   

   of a Sedentary   

      Life      




    2009    

 Some thoughts on 

  social versus  

cultural complexity


Keyword
Definitions



   Research   

   Syria region   

   HOMS   



2011
Late Pleistocene and Holocene sedimentary record of the Bouqaia Basin (central Levant, Syria):A geoarchaeological approach
  Time  Map  


 Human Past Net 


  Upper  

  Paleolithic  



  Natufian  

  Culture  



4 Main Cultures


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



Archaeology

   Wordsmith   

   Natufian   




Highly
Recommended


   2012   

   The   

  Pre-Natufian  

  Epipaleolithic:  

  Long-Term  

   Behavioral   

   Trends   

in the Levant




 Archaeogenetics 

   of the   

   Near East   




   2009   

  Some thoughts  

on social versus

 cultural 

 complexity 




   2006   

   On sedentism   

   in the Later   

 Epipalaeolithic 

   (Natufian)   

   Levant   




   Archaeology   

     survey     

in the Homs Gap

     (Syria):     

   Campaigns   

        2004        

     and     

        2005        




      2007      

   Mounds and   

   Goddesses   

   The Earliest   

Farmers in Upper

   Mesopotamia   



   Jebel Bishri   

  The Finnish  

     Project     

    in Syria    



2010
Late Pleistocene and Holocene sedimentary record of the BouqaiaBasin (central Levant, Syria): A geoarchaeological approach



EX ORIENTE

E.V.

  Downloads  



More
Definitions



Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki
Homs Gap


Chronology

TL   THF   HW
12190 - 11830 BC
Basis - Antiquity date
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic Tree:  

 The Origin of 

Patrilineal Diversity

in Africa



Highly
Recommended

Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map8.8 Map6.6 Map6.3L

Homs Gap
Syria


Homs Gap
Syria


Image 1

Image 2

Image 3

Image 4

Image 5

Human Past 10


    2012    

    The Pre-    

    Natufian    

    Epipaleolithic:    

    Long-Term    

    Behavioral    

    Trends    

    in the Levant    



NEO-LITHICS 1/07


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



Israel Museum


Israel - Ancient

Pottery Database



Jordan - Institute

of Archaeology



Lebanon - Saint

Joesph's University



Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12190 - 11830 BC
Basis - Antiquity date
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic Tree:  

 The Origin of 

Patrilineal Diversity

in Africa



Highly
Recommended

Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map8.8 Map6.6 Map6.3L

Homs Gap
Syria


Homs Gap
Syria


Image 1

Image 2

Image 3

Image 4

Image 5

Human Past 10


    2012    

    The Pre-    

    Natufian    

    Epipaleolithic:    

    Long-Term    

    Behavioral    

    Trends    

    in the Levant    



NEO-LITHICS 1/07


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



Israel Museum


Israel - Ancient

Pottery Database



Jordan - Institute

of Archaeology



Lebanon - Saint

Joesph's University



Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12190 - 11830 BC
Basis - Antiquity date
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic Tree:  

 The Origin of 

Patrilineal Diversity

in Africa



Highly
Recommended

Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map8.8 Map6.6 Map6.3L

Homs Gap
Syria


Homs Gap
Syria


Image 1

Image 2

Image 3

Image 4

Image 5

Human Past 10


    2012    

    The Pre-    

    Natufian    

    Epipaleolithic:    

    Long-Term    

    Behavioral    

    Trends    

    in the Levant    



NEO-LITHICS 1/07


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



Israel Museum


Israel - Ancient

Pottery Database



Jordan - Institute

of Archaeology



Lebanon - Saint

Joesph's University



Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
12190 - 11830 BC
Basis - Antiquity date
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic Tree:  

 The Origin of 

Patrilineal Diversity

in Africa



Highly
Recommended

Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map8.8 Map6.6 Map6.3L

Homs Gap
Syria


Homs Gap
Syria


Image 1

Image 2

Image 3

Image 4

Image 5

Human Past 10


    2012    

    The Pre-    

    Natufian    

    Epipaleolithic:    

    Long-Term    

    Behavioral    

    Trends    

    in the Levant    



NEO-LITHICS 1/07


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



Israel Museum


Israel - Ancient

Pottery Database



Jordan - Institute

of Archaeology



Lebanon - Saint

Joesph's University



Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


  2011  

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



2009
Some thoughts on social versus cultural complexity


2000
Analyzing the Cultural Landscape of Beidha with the Assistance of Remote Sensing Data


Quiz

Egypt in the time of the Natufians


  2009  

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
2004
Has the Transition
to Agriculture Reshaped
the Demographic Structure
of Prehistoric Populations?
New Evidence From
the Levant


2007
Natufian Beginnings:
Consequences of a Sedentary Life


2009
Some thoughts on social versus cultural complexity


2012
The Origin of Civilization



2005
Where did farming begin?
2011
The prehistory of Palmyra (Tadmor, central Syria): environmental changes and cultural dynamics between the late Pleistocene and the early Holocene
Sedentism and Pristine Agriculture


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

  Culture  
NM
L_SY2  Time Map  


 Last Glacial 

   Maximum   



 Late Glacial 

  Maximum  



  Earliest  

  Cultures  



Click Through

  Cultures  



   BEST   


 Abu Hureyra 

 Abu Hureyra 

 Abu Hureyra 

 Abu Hureyra 

 Abu Hureyra 


   Proto   

   Neolithic   

   Sites   



  Syria  

 (Northern 

 Mesopotamia) 



  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



  Obsidian  

  Trade Route  



   Obsidian   

   Route   



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


  Levant Best  

Levant

  Fertile  

  Crescent  


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


  Natufian  

  Settlements  



  Natufian  

  Culture  



  Natufian  

  Locations  



Grains

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3L

  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Abu
Hureyra

(an early settlement in Syria)

Early
+
Late Natufian



 Village on 

 the Euphrates 



  Time Map  


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  



   2012   

   Origins of the   

 Neolithic people 

  of Abu Hureyra  



    Abu    

   Hureyra   

   (from Syria   

   Today)    



   Natufian   


 Human Past Net 

   7000 BC   



1984
The Early Occupation at Tell Abu Hureyra in the Context of the Late Epipaleolithic of the Levant (Near East, Chipped Stone, North Syria)


1997
On the Charred Seeds from Epipalaeolithic Abu Hureyra:Food or Fuel?


2009
(See Tell Abu Hureyra)
Processes of domestication
and adoption of food production


2012
Huts, artifacts in
Jordanian
excavation offer new perspectives on life 20,000 years ago



   No. 540:   

  Inventing  

    Agriculture    



   2012   

   The Origin of   

   Civilization   



2012
Extraterrestrial
impact
caused Younger Dryas
12,900 years ago


2013
Inside the mind of a Neolithic Hunter


2009
The history of
the Abu Hureyra
(rye seeds / round huts)



   1997   

   Charred Seeds   

 Epipalaeolithic 

 Abu Hureyra: 

   Food or   

   Fuel?   



After the Ice A Global Human History, 20,000-5000 BC
  Time  Map  


 Abu Hureyra 


  1994  

  The Eloquent  

  Bones of  

  Abu Hureyra  




  Abu Hureyra  

  Chronology  



  Upper  

  Paleolithic  



  Natufian  

  Culture  



4 Main Cultures


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   2012   

   The Origin   

   of Civilization   



 Comparison 

    of Abu    

    Hureyra    

  with other  

    Sites    



Highly
Recommended


    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

 The Origin of 

 Patrilineal 

 Diversity 

 in Africa 



Highly
Recommended

Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



   QUIZ   


   1994   

   Grain in   

   Abu   

   Hureyra   



Note:
Abu Hureyra is now covered by a man-made lake.


EX ORIENTE

E.V.

  Downloads  



   PPND   

  Sites  



The blue links below
are from DePaul University


C11

C12

C13

C14

Overhead

Dr. Scott Bucking

Syria

Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

 Abu Hureyra 



Search
Antiquities Org



Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
11220 - 7100 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map 1


   2005   

   Where did   

 farming begin? 



   2008   

    Ancient    

    Natufian    

    farmers    

    in Syria,    

   at Abu Hureyra   



2008
The double domestication
of barley.



AFTER

THE ICE -

  A Global  

  Human  

  History,  

  20,000-  

  5000 BC  



2011
Role of mass-kill hunting strategies in the extirpation of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant



  Obsidian  

  Sourcing at  

  Abu Hureyra  



Image 1  Image 2

Image 3  Image 4

Image 5  Image 6


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



HST 291


Engines of

our Ingenuity



Map10 Natufians

Proto-Neolithic Sites


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
11220 - 7100 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map 2


   2005   

   Where did   

 farming begin? 



   2008   

    Ancient    

    Natufian    

    farmers    

    in Syria,    

   at Abu Hureyra   



2008
The double domestication
of barley.



AFTER

THE ICE -

  A Global  

  Human  

  History,  

  20,000-  

  5000 BC  



2011
Role of mass-kill hunting strategies in the extirpation of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant



  Obsidian  

  Sourcing at  

  Abu Hureyra  



Image 1  Image 2

Image 3  Image 4

Image 5  Image 6


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



HST 291


Engines of

our Ingenuity



Map10 Natufians

Proto-Neolithic Sites


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
11220 - 7100 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map 3


   2005   

   Where did   

 farming begin? 



   2008   

    Ancient    

    Natufian    

    farmers    

    in Syria,    

   at Abu Hureyra   



2008
The double domestication
of barley.



AFTER

THE ICE -

  A Global  

  Human  

  History,  

  20,000-  

  5000 BC  



2011
Role of mass-kill hunting strategies in the extirpation of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant



  Obsidian  

  Sourcing at  

  Abu Hureyra  



Image 1  Image 2

Image 3  Image 4

Image 5  Image 6


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



HST 291


Engines of

our Ingenuity



Map10 Natufians

Proto-Neolithic Sites


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
11220 - 7100 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO Chronology


   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

 Cultures and 

 Language 

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

 Using the Case of 

   E-M35   



Map12.5 Map11 Map10

Map 4


   2005   

   Where did   

 farming begin? 



   2008   

    Ancient    

    Natufian    

    farmers    

    in Syria    ,

   at Abu Hureyra   



2008
The double domestication
of barley.



AFTER

THE ICE -

  A Global  

  Human  

  History,  

  20,000-  

  5000 BC  



2011
Role of mass-kill hunting strategies in the extirpation of Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in the northern Levant



  Obsidian  

  Sourcing at  

  Abu Hureyra  



Image 1  Image 2

Image 3  Image 4

Image 5  Image 6


   Syrian   

   Digital   

   CDLI   



   Syria   

   Today   

   Web Site   



HST 291


Engines of

our Ingenuity



Map10 Natufians

Proto-Neolithic Sites


SNP-M168

SNP-M168 — M89 — M304 — M172

Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


  2011  

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



2009
Some thoughts on social versus cultural complexity


2000
Analyzing the Cultural Landscape of Beidha with the Assistance of Remote Sensing Data


Quiz

Egypt in the time of the Natufians


  2009  

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
2004
Has the Transition
to Agriculture Reshaped
the Demographic Structure
of Prehistoric Populations?
New Evidence From
the Levant


Quiz


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

  Culture  
NM
L_IS3  Time  

  Map  



   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



 Earliest 

 Cultures 



  Click  

 Through 

 Cultures 



   BEST   


  Hilazon  

  Tachtit  

  Cave  



  Hilazon  

  Tachtit  

  Cave  



  Hilazon  

  Tachtit  

  Cave  

  Picture  



  Hilazon  

  Tachtit  

  Cave  

  Google  

  Map  



   Proto   

   Neolithic   

   Sites   



  Hayonim  

  Cave  

   12750 BC   



  Raqefet  

  Cave  

  10840 BC  



Israel


Israel


Israel


  Skull  

  Conservation  

  Sites  



  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



    Early    

 Obsidian 

    Trade    



     Obsidian     

     Route     



   Obsidian   

   Trade   

   Route   



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



  Area of  

  Natufian  

  Culture  



  Natufian  

  Areas  


Natufian
Locations
in the Levant


  Levantine  

  Corridor  


 Levantine 
 Corridor 


  Levant Best  

Levant +

Levant

Levant 2

Levant 3

Levant 4

   Fertile   

   Crescent   


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


Map21.5

Map16


Map12.5


Map11

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map6.3L

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 


  Halaf Culture  


  Ubaid  

 Culture 


  Ubaid Culture  

  Ubaid Culture  

  Ubaid Culture  

Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer

Hilazon
Tachtit
Cave
a settlement in Israel

Late Natufian


     Time Map     


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 




Highly
Recommended


  1998  

  The Natufian  

  Culture  

  in the Levant,  

  Threshold  

  to the Origins  

  of Agriculture  



2008
A 12,000-year-old Shaman burial from the southern Levant (Israel)



  2009  

  The Natufian  

    Shaman    

 Hilazon Tachtit 

   Israel   



   2008   

 Ancient grave 

  unearthed in  

   Israel   



  2010  

  Hilazon Tachtit  

   (Israel)   

   Natufian   

   Shamanism   

  and Feasting  




    2012    

The Pre-Natufian

 Epipaleolithic: 

   Long-Term   

   Behavioral   

  Trends in the  

    Levant    



   2012   

  Demographic,  

  Biological and  

  Cultural  

  Aspects of  

 the Neolithic 

  Revolution:  

  A View  

  from the  

 Southern Levant 



    1996    

  Negotiating  

    Equality    

    through    

    Ritual:    

 A Consideration 

   of Late   

 Natufian and 

  Prepottery  

  Neolithic  

  A Period  

Mortuary Practices



   2005   

   Where did   

     farming     

     begin?     



     Naked     

     Science     

   Origins of   

   Agriculture   

   Ain Mallaha   



   2002   

 From Foraging 

   to Farming   

The Contribution

     of the     

    Mallaha    

    (Eynan)    

   Excavations,   

   1996–2001   



  The  

 Origins of 

 Agriculture 



    2012    

   Hadashot   

 Arkheologiyot 

   Excavations   

  and Surveys  

    in Israel    

 Volume 124 

   Year 2012   

   Beisamoun   



    2009    

   Excavations   

  and Surveys  

    in Israel    

   Beisamoun   



   1998   

   Oldest Glue   

   Discovered   

Nahal Hemar Cave

  Israel  



   2013   

The Origin of Us

Selected Videos

  by Dienekes  



     Flash Card     

     Review     



More
Keyword
Definitions



2003
Small game, the younger dryas, and the transition to agriculture in the southern levant
    Time Map    


4 Main Cultures


  Levantine  

  Cultures  



   2007   

  The sacred  

  and the  

  mundane:  

  domestic  

  activities  

  at a Late  

  Natufian  

  burial site  

  in the Levant  



   2008   

   A 12,000-   

   Year-Old   

   Shaman From   

    Hilazon    

    Tachtit,    

     Israel     

     & The     

   Emergence Of   

   Religion   



   2010   

   Early   

   evidence   

 (ca. 12,000 B.P.) 

  for feasting  

   at a burial   

     cave in     

  Hilazon Tachtit,  

   Israel   



   2010   

  Feasts at a  

    Funeral    

Hilazon Tachtit

   Cave   

   Israel   



Highly
Recommended


     2012     

       The       

    Modelling    

      Skulls      

      in the      

     Ancient     

   Near-East   



   2007   

  A Final Natufian  

   Population:   

  Health and  

 Burial Status 

 at Eynan-Mallaha 

   Faces from   

   the Past   



   1998   

   Mortuary   

   Variability   

     and     

   Community   

   Reorganization   

     in the     

  Early-to-Late  

   Natufian   

Transition



   2011   

Material Images

of Humans from

the Natufian

 to Pottery 

  Neolithic  

Periods in the

  Levant  



  Population and  

  Burial Rites  


Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions




  Israel  

  Museum  




University of

Jordan




American

University

    of Beirut    

 Archaeological 

 Museum 



2012
Form and Function of Early Neolithic Bifacial Stone Tools Reflects Changes in Land Use Practices during the Neolithization Process in the Levant



    The    

 Natufians 



Natufian Lovers
Ain Sakhri Cave
9000 BC



   Human   

   Past Net   

   8000 BC   



2009
Food Architecture
before Agriculture



   Middle   

   East   

   Caves   



Fertile Crescent


PPND

 Hilazon Tachtit 



EX ORIENTE E.V.

  Downloads  



Search
Antiquities Org


Chronology

VirtualWorldProject

TL  THF  HW
10920 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209




Marker M35.1



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

     and     

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   




   2007   

  The sacred  

  and the  

  mundane:  

  domestic  

  activities  

  at a Late  

  Natufian  

  burial site  

  in the Levant  



Image 1

Entrance

Shaman Grave

Tortoise Shells

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

    Features    

  and Latent  

    Features    

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



2013

The social role

of food in

the Natufian

cemetery of

Raqefet Cave



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together




 1.5 miles north 

   of Mallaha   

The PPNB site of

  Beisamoun  

(Hula Basin)



Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10920 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209




Marker M35.1



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

     and     

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   




   2007   

  The sacred  

  and the  

  mundane:  

  domestic  

  activities  

  at a Late  

  Natufian  

  burial site  

  in the Levant  



Image 1

Entrance

Shaman Grave

Tortoise Shells

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

    Features    

  and Latent  

    Features    

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



2013

The social role

of food in

the Natufian

cemetery of

Raqefet Cave



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together




 1.5 miles north 

   of Mallaha   

The PPNB site of

  Beisamoun  

(Hula Basin)



Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10920 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209




Marker M35.1



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

     and     

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   




   2007   

  The sacred  

  and the  

  mundane:  

  domestic  

  activities  

  at a Late  

  Natufian  

  burial site  

  in the Levant  



Image 1

Entrance

Shaman Grave

Tortoise Shells

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

    Features    

  and Latent  

    Features    

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



2013

The social role

of food in

the Natufian

cemetery of

Raqefet Cave



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together




 1.5 miles north 

   of Mallaha   

The PPNB site of

  Beisamoun  

(Hula Basin)



Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10920 BC
Basis - PPND
(Arizona date)
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209




Marker M35.1



Highly
Recommended


   2009   

   Y Haplogroups,   

   Archaeological   

   Cultures   

     and     

   Language   

   Families:   

  A Review  

   of the   

   Possibility of   

   Multidisciplinary   

   Comparisons   

  Using the  

  Case of  

   E-M35   




   2007   

  The sacred  

  and the  

  mundane:  

  domestic  

  activities  

  at a Late  

  Natufian  

  burial site  

  in the Levant  



Image 1

Entrance

Shaman Grave

Tortoise Shells

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8


   1988   

 The Natufian 

    Graveyard    

  in Hayonim  

    Cave    




   2003   

  Explicit  

    Features    

  and Latent  

    Features    

  The Case  

   of the   

  Final  

  Natufian  

  at Mallaha  

  (Eynan)*  




   Natufian   

   Beginnings:   

Consequences

   of a   

   sedentary   

   lifestyle   




Tel Aviv

University




  2012  

  Hadashot  

  Arkheologiyot  

 List of Reports 



Radio

Carbon

Dating the

Natufian

Period



Note:
Pottery will not
be invented
until 7000 BC
The gap between
home building and
pottery making
approximates
2/3,000
years


Ancient Pottery

Database



2013

The social role

of food in

the Natufian

cemetery of

Raqefet Cave



 2001 

 Ein Mallaha 

  Woman and  

   dog   

buried together




 1.5 miles north 

   of Mallaha   

The PPNB site of

  Beisamoun  

(Hula Basin)



Detailed
Chronology


Human Past 11a
Human Past 11t
Human Past 11w

Natufian
Settlement
Area


Proto-
Neolithic
Sites


Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition

    2011    

  A Revised  

  Root for the  

  Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  




    2013    

  Did Overhunting  

  Lead To  

  Domestication?  





  2010  

  Early evidence  

  (ca. 12,000 B.P.)  

  for feasting at a  

  burial cave in  

  Israel  




    2009    

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  



2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
   2006   

  The Late  

  Natufian at  

  Raqefet Cave:  

  The 2006  

  Excavation  

  Season  



   1998   

   Mortuary   

   Variability   

   and   

   Community   

   Reorganization   

   in the   

  Early-to-Late  

   Natufian   

Transition



1996
The First Sedentary Peoples in Israel - Mallaha (Eynan)


Map

Map

Map

SL
L_JO2 Time Map  


  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



  Last  

  Glacial  

   Maximum   



  Earliest  

  Cultures  



  Click  

  Through  

  Cultures  



   BEST   


 Iraq 

 ed-Dubb 



 Iraq 

 ed-Dubb 



 Iraq 

 ed-Dubb 



  Proto-  

  Neolithic  

  Sites  



   Dhra   


  Azraq  

  Basin  



  Jordan 1  

  Jordan 2  

  Jordan 3  

  Jordan 4  

  Jordan 5  

  Jordan 6  


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



  Early  

  Obsidian  

  Route  



  Obsidian  

  Route  



  Map of  

   Obsidian  

  Trade  



 Area of 

  Natufian  

  Culture  



  Levantine  

  Corridor  


Levantine
Corridor


Levantine
Corridor


  Levant Best  

Levant +

Levant

  Fertile  

  Crescent  


Fertile
Crescent


Fertile
Crescent


  Natufian  

  Culture  



Grains

Map12.5


Map10


Map8.8

Map6.6

Map6.3

Map5.6


  DePaul  

   Timeline   



  Mesopotamia  

   Best   



   Upper   

 Mesopotamia 



  Hassuna  

  Culture  



  Samarra  

  Culture  



  Halaf  

 Culture 



  Combined  

 Culture 



  Ubaid  

 Culture 


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
Iraq ed-Dubb
(a settlement in Jordan)

Late Natufian


   Time Map   


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



Highly
Recommended


    1998    

  The Natufian  

      Culture      

   in the Levant,   

        Threshold        

    to the Origins    

  of Agriculture  



   2006   

 Chronological 

 Frameworks 

 and Disparate 

 Technology: 

 an Exploration 

 of Chipped Stone 

 Variability 

 and the Forager to 

 Farmer Transition 

  Iraq Ed-Dubb  



2009
Daily Practice and the Organization of Space at the Dawn of Agriculture:A Case Study from the Near East:
Iraq ed- Dubb



   2011   

  Burial Practices  

  in Jordan from  

  the Natufians  

 to the Persians 



  2012  

  The Pre-Natufian  

  Epipaleolithic:  

  Long-Term  

  Behavioral  

  Trends in the  

    Levant    



     2007     

   Underworld   

(caves underneath

   northern   

   Jordan)   



    2002    

 When and 

    where    

did domesticated

cereals first occur

  in Southwest  

  Asia?  



    2007    

 Fauna from the 

   Natufian   

  and PPNA  

 Cave Site of 

 Iraq ed-Dubb 

 in Highland Jordan 



    2011    

  The History  

  and Origin  

    of Wheat    



  Emergence  

 of the PPNA 

 and Agriculture 



  2009  

 A Conversation 

 on Agricultural 

 Origins 



  2002  

  Zahrat  

  Adh-Dhra 2:  

 A New Pre-Pottery 

 Neolithic A Site 

 on the Dead Sea 

 Plain in Jordan 



Keyword
Definitions


2003
Social identities and the expansion of stone bead-making in Neolithic Western Asia: new evidence in Jordan
  Time  Map  


   4 Main   

   Cultures   



  Levantine  

  Cultures  



 Flash Cards 


Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

   Tree:   

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



   17800 BC   

 Azraq Basin 

 Kharaneh IV site 

   Jordan   




  2005  

  Ancestors and  

    Inheritors  :  

 A Bio-Cultural 

   Perspective   

     on the     

 Transition to 

     Agro-     

 Pastoralism 

      in the      

  Southern  

   Levant   




   1987   

 Jebel Es-Subhi 

  A Natufian  

    Site in    

  Eastern  

  Jordan  




 Pre-Historic 

  Jordan  




  Neolithic  

    Jordan    




 University of 

    Jordan    




 Israel 

 Museum 




 American 

 University 

    of Beirut    

 Archaeological 

 Museum 




More
Definitions



   2010   

  Dhra’,  

  Jordan  

 Sickle blade 

  life-history  

   and the   

   transition   

       to       

 agriculture: 

   an early   

   Neolithic   

case study

    from    

    Southwest    

    Asia    




Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Iraq ed Dubb  



Search
Antiquities Org


2009
New Iron
Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan


Wiki
Jordan


Wiki
Iraq ed-Dubb


Chronology

TL  THF  HW
10880/10730 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

  Cultures and  

   Language   

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

 excavation 

 offer new 

 perspectives 

  on life 20,000  

years ago




  1996  

   Negotiating   

     Equality     

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 1

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2013  

Chogha Golan

Finds Shed New

Light on Origins

of Agriculture in

Fertile Crescent



2013

9600 BC - Wheat

Iraq ed-Dubb



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10880/10730 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

  Cultures and  

   Language   

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

 excavation 

 offer new 

 perspectives 

  on life 20,000  

years ago




  1996  

   Negotiating   

     Equality     

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 2

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2013  

Chogha Golan

Finds Shed New

Light on Origins

of Agriculture in

Fertile Crescent



2013

9600 BC - Wheat

Iraq ed-Dubb



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10880/10730 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

  Cultures and  

   Language   

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

 excavation 

 offer new 

 perspectives 

  on life 20,000  

years ago




  1996  

   Negotiating   

     Equality     

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 3

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2013  

Chogha Golan

Finds Shed New

Light on Origins

of Agriculture in

Fertile Crescent



2013

9600 BC - Wheat

Iraq ed-Dubb



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10880/10730 BC
Basis - PPND
Wiki
Younger Dryas
ASPRO
Chronology



   SNP M168   


Haplogroup

J-P209



Marker M35.1


Highly
Recommended


  2009  

   Y Haplogroups,   

  Archaeological  

  Cultures and  

   Language   

 Families: 

 A Review  of the 

  Possibility of  

  Multidisciplinary  

  Comparisons  

 Using the Case of 

  E-M35  



Highly
Recommended


   2012   

 Huts, artifacts 

  in Jordanian  

 excavation 

 offer new 

 perspectives 

  on life 20,000  

years ago




  1996  

   Negotiating   

     Equality     

 through Ritual: 

 A Consideration 

 of Late Natufian 

 and Prepottery 

 Neolithic A 

Period Mortuary

 Practices 



Map 4

Map12.5

Map10

Map8.8

Map6.6


  2013  

Chogha Golan

Finds Shed New

Light on Origins

of Agriculture in

Fertile Crescent



2013

9600 BC - Wheat

Iraq ed-Dubb



  The History  

  of Jordan  



 The el-Hemmeh 

 Archaeological 

 Project 



  2012  

  Demographic,  

  Biological  

  and Cultural  

  Aspects of the  

  Neolithic  

  Revolution:  

 A View from 

  the Southern  

  Levant  


2003
Environmental
History at
an Early
Prehistoric
Village:
An Application
of Cultural Site
Analysis at
Beidha, in
Southern
Jordan


1998

Archaeology in

Jordan


Proto-Neolithic Sites

Neolithic Sites 1
Neolithic Sites 2
Late Neolithic Site


SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line
DNA Haplogroups


Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated   

     4.4-     

     5.1     

    thousand    

   years before   

    present    

     and     

     PIE    

 originated 

 8.4 thousand 

 years before 

 present 

 or 6400 BC 



Origins of Semitic People

Dispersal of Semetic People

Human Past Matrix

List of Cities

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumer Historical Periods

S1  S2  SAK

Mesopotamian Chronology

Sumerian Literature

Sumerian Literature Timeline

Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Genebase Y-DNA Haplogroup Mutations Table

Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2013

Before 2500 BC

In the beginning .....

The Beginnings of Civilizations

The First Civilizations

EC's

Grid

The Natufians

Natufian Sites

Natufian Map

The Neolithic Revolution

Proto-Neolithic and Neolithic Cultures in the Middle East-The Birth of Agriculture, Livestock Raising, and Ceramics:14 C Chronology 12,500- 5500 cal BC
SNP Definition

STR Definition


  2011  

  A Revised Root  

  for the Human Y  

  Chromosomal  

  Phylogenetic  

  Tree:  

  The Origin of  

  Patrilineal  

  Diversity  

  in Africa  



1988
The Age of 'Ubeidiya Formation (Jordan Valley, Israel) and the Earliest Hominids in the Levant


2005
The Seeds of Civilization


2009
New Iron Age Copper-Mine Fields Discovered in Southern Jordan



  2009  

  Geographical  

   Structure   

   of the Y-   

  chromosomal  

  Genetic  

  Landscape  

 of the Levant: 

 A coastal-inland 

  contrast  
2011
The African Origin of Complex Projectile Technology: An Analysis Using Tip Cross-Sectional Area and Perimeter


Anthropology
Net


Archaeology News Network

Archaeobotany

American Journal of Archaeology

Antiquity Journal

Dienekes........
Hawks.........
Aggsbach....
Mathilda..

Geology.com


PNAS


PPND


PPND - Sites


Saudi Aramco World

The Israel Museum


  World  

  Neolithic  



 Archaeology 

    2013    



   AULA   

   ORIENTALIS   



   Cultural   

   Chronology   

   of Ancient   

   Egypt   
  2011  

  Wadi  

  Mataha  

  Petra Basin  

  of southern  

  Jordan)  

  Variability  

  in  

  symbolic  

  behaviour  

  in the  

  southern  

  Levant at  

  the end of  

  the  

  Pleistocene  
SL
FREEZE Time Map  


  Late  

  Glacial  

  Maximum  



   Last   

   Glacial   

   Maximum   



   BEST   


  Anatolian  

  Obsidian  



    Early    

 Obsidian 

    Trade    



  Obsidian  

  Locations  



   Map of   

   Obsidian   

   Trade   



Impact Field

Cooling


   Areas of   

   Natufian   

   Culture   


Map21.5

Map16

Map12.5

Map11


Map10


Map8.8

Map6.3L

Kebara

Zargos
Mountains


Obsidian

Levant

Fertile
Crescent



Fertile

Crescent


Natufian Culture

Natufian Locations

Tell Abu Hureyra


  Mesopotamia  

  Best  


Upper
Mesopotamia


Scaruffi

Gale

Kemmer
The
Younger
Dryas
Late Natufian


Time Map


Climate Change and
Human Migration



Highly
Recommended


   2007   

 Synopsis of the 

     Paleolithic     

 Southwestern Asia 



   2011   

Climatic Fluctuations

  and Early Farming  

  in West and East  

    Asia    

  by Ofer Bar-Yosef  



  Palaeolithic  

  Background  




   2004   

  Has the  

  Transition  

  to Agriculture  

   Reshaped the   

   Demographic   

    Structure    

  of Prehistoric  

   Populations?   

 New Evidence 

 From the Levant 




  2012  

    Extraterrestrial    

  impact caused  

  Younger Dryas  

12,900 years ago



2012
The younger Dryas and the Origins of Agriculture
2011
PNAS - Climate change



   2010   

  Revisiting  

  the Younger  

    Dryas    



2009
Constraints on the Development of Agriculture



What scientific evidence do we have that abrupt climate change has happened before?
  Time  Map  


 The Younger 

  Dryas Cold  

    Episode    



  Wiki  

The Younger

  Dryas  



Highly
Recommended


   2011   

   A Revised   

   Root for the   

   Human Y   

   Chromosomal   

   Phylogenetic   

      Tree:      

   The Origin of   

   Patrilineal   

   Diversity   

   in Africa   



Dienekes's explanation
of the prior link



    2012    

   Cosmic   

   impact   

 event ~12.8kya 

   caused the   

   Younger   

   Dryas   



Keyword
Definitions


More
Definitions


Proto-Neolithic
and Neolithic
Cultures
in the
Middle East-
The Birth
of Agriculture,
Livestock
Raising,
and Ceramics:
14 C Chronology
12,500-
5500 cal BC


Fertile Crescent


   PPND   

  Sites  



Search
Antiquities Org


Wiki

Chronology

TL   THF   HW
10800 - 9500 BC
Basis - Wiki
Younger Dryas

Map12.5 Map11 Map10


   2010   

   Putting the   

   Younger   

   Dryas   

   cold event   

   into context   



   2005   

 The Transition 

 to Agriculture: 

Climate Reversals,

  Population  

   Density,   

 and Technical 

   Change   



2012
Ocean lead
at the termination of
the Younger Dryas cold spell



   2012   

 The Harifian 

   Epipaleolithic   



2003
Small game,
the younger dryas,
and the
transition to
agriculture in
the southern
levant


1998
The Natufian
Culture in
the Levant,
Threshold to the
Origins of
Agriculture


Archaeobotany and Domestication

Moving toward agriculture

2012
From foraging to farming in the southern Levant:the development of Epipalaeolithic and Pre-pottery Neolithicplant management strategies



   Map 1   


Proto-Neolithic

    Sites    



SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10800 - 9500 BC
Basis - Wiki
Younger Dryas

Map12.5 Map11 Map10


   2010   

   Putting the   

   Younger   

   Dryas   

   cold event   

   into context   



   2005   

 The Transition 

 to Agriculture: 

Climate Reversals,

  Population  

   Density,   

 and Technical 

   Change   



2012
Ocean lead
at the termination of
the Younger Dryas cold spell



   2012   

 The Harifian 

   Epipaleolithic   



2003
Small game,
the younger dryas,
and the
transition to
agriculture in
the southern
levant


1998
The Natufian
Culture in
the Levant,
Threshold to the
Origins of
Agriculture


Archaeobotany and Domestication

Moving toward agriculture

2012
From foraging to farming in the southern Levant:the development of Epipalaeolithic and Pre-pottery Neolithicplant management strategies



   Map 2   


Proto-Neolithic

    Sites    



SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10800 - 9500 BC
Basis - Wiki
Younger Dryas

Map12.5 Map11 Map10


   2010   

   Putting the   

   Younger   

   Dryas   

   cold event   

   into context   



   2005   

 The Transition 

 to Agriculture: 

Climate Reversals,

  Population  

   Density,   

 and Technical 

   Change   



2012
Ocean lead
at the termination of
the Younger Dryas cold spell



   2012   

 The Harifian 

   Epipaleolithic   



2003
Small game,
the younger dryas,
and the
transition to
agriculture in
the southern
levant


1998
The Natufian
Culture in
the Levant,
Threshold to the
Origins of
Agriculture


Archaeobotany and Domestication

Moving toward agriculture

2012
From foraging to farming in the southern Levant:the development of Epipalaeolithic and Pre-pottery Neolithicplant management strategies



   Map 3   


Proto-Neolithic

    Sites    



SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
10800 - 9500 BC
Basis - Wiki
Younger Dryas

Map12.5 Map11 Map10


   2010   

   Putting the   

   Younger   

   Dryas   

   cold event   

   into context   



   2005   

 The Transition 

 to Agriculture: 

Climate Reversals,

  Population  

   Density,   

 and Technical 

   Change   



2012
Ocean lead
at the termination of
the Younger Dryas cold spell



   2012   

 The Harifian 

   Epipaleolithic   



2003
Small game,
the younger dryas,
and the
transition to
agriculture in
the southern
levant


1998
The Natufian
Culture in
the Levant,
Threshold to the
Origins of
Agriculture


Archaeobotany and Domestication

Moving toward agriculture

2012
From foraging to farming in the southern Levant:the development of Epipalaeolithic and Pre-pottery Neolithicplant management strategies



   Map 4   


Proto-Neolithic

    Sites    



SNP-M168

SNP-M168
M89
M304
M172


Haplogroups

Y-chromosomal
Adam


Y-Line DNA Haplogroups

Y-DNA
Haplogroup J
List of archaeological sites by continent and age

List of archaeological sites by country

List of Human Evolution Fossils

DNA

Context Database

Context Map

ASPRO Chronology

Ancient Pottery Database

Semetic Language Map

Semetic Language Schematic


    2011    

   Nicholls  

    and    

    Ryder:    

   Semitic   

   Language   

   Originated